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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
荒-bronze.svg 荒-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hmaːŋ, *hmaːŋs): semantic  ‎(grass, plant) + phonetic  ‎(OC *hmaːŋ) – lack of plants

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 廿卜女山 (TYVU), four-corner 44211, composition)

  1. wasteland, desert
  2. uncultivated

Note: The middle part could be found as instead of .

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1031, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30953
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1490, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3209, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+8352

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (32)
Final () (102) (102)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hwɑŋ/ /hwɑŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷɑŋ/ /hʷɑŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɑŋ/ /xuɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwaŋ/ /hwaŋH/
Li
Rong
/xuɑŋ/ /xuɑŋH/
Wang
Li
/xuɑŋ/ /xuɑŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xwɑŋ/ /xwɑŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hāng hàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwang ›
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ˤaŋ/
English wasteland; uncultivated land

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12649 12659
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmaːŋ/ /*hmaːŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. rough; sparse; wild

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwang) (hangeul , revised hwang, McCune-Reischauer hwang, Yale hwang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hoang, hoăng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.