葡萄

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (葡萄)
simp. #(葡萄)
alternative forms 蒲陶
蒲萄
葡桃
蒲桃
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Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (3) (7)
Final () (23) (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buo/ /dɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/buo/ /dɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/bo/ /dɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bɔ/ /daw/
Li
Rong
/bo/ /dɑu/
Wang
Li
/bu/ /dɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuo/ /dʱɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
táo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3439 12364
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baː/ /*l'uː/
Notes

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Bactrian *bādāwa (wine) [130 BCE]; compare Persian باده(bâde, wine) (Schuessler, 2007; Chmielewski, 1958).

Noun[edit]

葡萄

  1. grape (Classifier: m;  m; ;  mn)
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic (葡萄):
  • Japanese: ()(どう) (budō)
  • Korean: 포도 (葡萄, podo)
  • Vietnamese: bồ đào (葡萄)

Verb[edit]

葡萄

  1. (Cantonese, neologism, slang, from 吃不到的葡萄是酸的) to be jealous; to envy

Etymology 2[edit]

Phono-semantic matching of Burmese ပူတာအို (putaui).

Proper noun[edit]

葡萄

  1. Putao (a town in Myanmar)
  2. () Putao Township (in Myanmar)
  3. () Putao District (in Myanmar)

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
どう
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 葡萄 (buo-dâu) (compare modern Mandarin pútáo), from Bactrian *bādāwa (wine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()(どう) (budō (historical kana ぶだう)

  1. grape
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

葡萄(えび) (ebi

  1. (obsolete) grape

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

葡萄 (podo) (hangeul 포도)

  1. Hanja form? of 포도 (grape).
Derived terms[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

葡萄

  1. Hán tự form of bồ đào (grape).

References[edit]