葡萄

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Chinese[edit]

grapes grapes
simp. and trad.
(葡萄)
alt. forms 蒲陶
蒲萄
葡桃
蒲桃
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Bactrian *bādāwa(wine) [130 BCE]; compare Persian باده(bâde, wine) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (3) (7)
Final () (23) (89)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buo/ /dɑu/
Pan
Wuyun
/buo/ /dɑu/
Shao
Rongfen
/bo/ /dɑu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bɔ/ /daw/
Li
Rong
/bo/ /dɑu/
Wang
Li
/bu/ /dɑu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuo/ /dʱɑu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
táo
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3439 12364
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*baː/ /*l'uː/
Notes

Noun[edit]

葡萄

  1. grape   (Classifier: m; m; ; mn)

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 葡萄 (“grape”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 蒲陶蒲萄蒲桃葡萄
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 葡萄
Taxonomic name 葡萄
Mandarin Beijing 葡萄
Taiwan 葡萄
Jinan 葡萄
Muping 葡萄
Luoyang 葡萄
Wanrong 葡萄
Xi'an 葡萄
Yinchuan 葡萄
Ürümqi 葡萄
Wuhan 葡萄
Chengdu 葡萄
Guiyang 葡萄
Liuzhou 葡萄葡萄果
Yangzhou 葡萄
Nanjing 葡萄
Hefei 葡萄
Cantonese Guangzhou 葡提子提子
Hong Kong 葡提子提子
Dongguan 葡提子
Taishan 葡提子
Yangjiang 葡提子
Gan Nanchang 葡萄
Hakka Meixian 徒提仔葡萄
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 葡萄
Liudui (S. Sixian) 葡萄
Hsinchu (Hailu) 葡萄
Dongshi (Dabu) 葡萄
Zhuolan (Raoping) 葡萄
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 葡萄
Hui Jixi 葡萄
Jin Taiyuan 葡萄
Min Bei Jian'ou 葡萄
Min Dong Fuzhou 葡萄
Min Nan Xiamen 葡萄
Quanzhou 葡萄
Zhangzhou 葡萄
Taipei 葡萄
Kaohsiung 葡萄
Tainan 葡萄
Taichung 葡萄
Yilan 葡萄
Lukang 葡萄
Sanxia 葡萄
Kinmen 葡萄
Magong 葡萄
Hsinchu 葡萄
Malaysia 葡萄
Chaozhou 葡萄
Pinghua Nanning 葡萄
Wu Shanghai 葡萄
Suzhou 葡萄
Wenzhou 葡萄
Jinhua 葡萄
Ningbo 紫胡萄
Xiang Changsha 葡萄
Shuangfeng 葡萄子

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic (葡萄):

Adjective[edit]

葡萄

  1. (Cantonese, slang, from 吃不到的葡萄是酸的) jealous

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
どう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 葡萄 (buo-dâu) (compare modern Mandarin pútáo), from Bactrian *bādāwa(wine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

葡萄 ‎(hiragana ぶどう, katakana ブドウ, romaji budō, historical hiragana ぶだう)

  1. grape
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Jinmeiyō
Irregular

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
  • IPA(key): [e̞bi]

Noun[edit]

葡萄 ‎(hiragana えび, romaji ebi)

  1. (obsolete) grape

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

葡萄 ‎(podo) ‎(hangeul 포도)

  1. Hanja form? of 포도, “grape”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

葡萄

  1. Hán tự form of bồ đào, “grape”

References[edit]