葫蘆

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See also: 葫芦

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

phonetic
trad. (葫蘆)
simp. (葫芦)
alternative forms 壺蘆壶芦
胡盧胡卢
胡蘆胡芦
壺盧壶卢
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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Guoyu Cidian has "以其果實狀似壺及蘆,故稱為「壺蘆」", but how does it look like reed?”) Compare also (OC *ɡʷlaː, *ɡʷlaːs, “gourd”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (32) (37)
Final () (23) (23) (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/ /huo/ /luo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/ /huo/ /luo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/ /xo/ /lo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/ /hɔ/ /lɔ/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/ /xo/ /lo/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/ /xu/ /lu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/ /xuo/ /luo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
wu4 fu1 lou4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hu › ‹ lu ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁa/ /*C.rˁa/
English gourd lúwěi 蘆葦 reed

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/2
No. 4244 4252 5203
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰaː/ /*ɡaː/ /*raː/

Noun[edit]

葫蘆

  1. (~瓜) bottle gourd; calabash
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic (葫蘆):
  • Japanese: 葫蘆(ころ) (koro)
  • Korean: 호로 (葫蘆, horo)
  • Vietnamese: hồ lô (葫蘆)

Others:

Etymology 2[edit]

rush; reed; Phragmites communis
trad. (葫蘆)
simp. (葫芦)
alternative forms 夫佬
俘虜俘虏

Phono-semantic matching of English full.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

葫蘆

  1. (Cantonese, card games) full house
Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Poker hands in Chinese · 撲克牌 (layout · text)
No Pair.png One Pair.png Two Pairs.png Three of a kind.png Straight.png
單張, 高牌, 烏龍 , 對子, 一對, 兩對, 滔啤 三張, 三條 , 順子,
Flush.png Full.png Poker.png Straight Flush.png Royal Flush.png
同花 三帶二, 葫蘆, 夫佬 四張, 四條, 鐵扇, 鐵支 同花順 同花大順

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji

Hyōgaiji
kan’on
Alternative spellings
葫盧
胡盧

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 葫蘆 (MC ɦuo|huo luo, literally “gourd + rushes, reeds”). Compare modern Min Nan reading hô͘-lô͘.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()() (koro

  1. bottle gourd, calabash

Usage notes[edit]

This term koro appears to be quite rare. The term 瓢箪 (hyōtan) is used more commonly to mean gourd or calabash.