蚯蚓

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Chinese[edit]

earthworm earthworm
simp. and trad.
(蚯蚓)
alt. forms 蚯螾
丘蚓
丘螾
邱蚓
邱螾
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蚯蚓

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (29) (36)
Final () (136) (43)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɨu/ /jiɪnX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰiu/ /jinX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰiəu/ /jenX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰuw/ /jinX/
Li
Rong
/kʰiu/ /iĕnX/
Wang
Li
/kʰĭəu/ /jĭĕnX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰi̯ə̯u/ /i̯ĕnX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiū yǐn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiū yǐn
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjuw › ‹ yinX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ʷʰə/ /*[ɢ](r)ə[r]ʔ/
English 蚯蚓 khjuw.yinX earth-worm earth-worm (khjuw.yinX)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 10525 15307
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰʷɯ/ /*linʔ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

蚯蚓

  1. earthworm (Classifier: )

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (蚯蚓):
  • Japanese:  (きゅう) (いん) (kyūin)
  • Korean: 구인 (蚯蚓, gu-in)

Japanese[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 蚯蚓 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓)

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蚯蚓 (counter , hiragana みみず, katakana ミミズ, rōmaji mimizu) (alternative reading hiragana めめず, romaji memezu)

  1. an earthworm
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ミミズ.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
きゅう
Hyōgaiji
いん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 蚯蚓 (khjuw yinX, literally earthworm + earthworm). Compare modern Mandarin 蚯蚓 (qiūyǐn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蚯蚓 (hiragana きゅういん, rōmaji kyūin, historical hiragana きういん)

  1. an earthworm

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

蚯蚓 (gu-in) (hangeul 구인)

  1. Hanja form? of 구인, “earthworm”.