蚯蚓

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Chinese[edit]

earthworm
simp. and trad.
(蚯蚓)
alt. forms 蚯螾
丘蚓
丘螾
邱蚓
邱螾
Wikipedia has an article on:
蚯蚓

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “what does 蚯 mean?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • gao6 ung2 - vernacular;
  • kiu1 ing2 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/1
    Initial () (29) (36)
    Final () (136) (43)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɨu/ /jiɪnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰiu/ /jinX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰiəu/ /jenX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰuw/ /jinX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰiu/ /iĕnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰĭəu/ /jĭĕnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰi̯ə̯u/ /i̯ĕnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiū yǐn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    qiū yǐn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjuw › ‹ yinX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷʰə/ /*[ɢ](r)ə[r]ʔ/
    English 蚯蚓 khjuw.yinX earth-worm earth-worm (khjuw.yinX)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/1
    No. 10525 15307
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰʷɯ/ /*linʔ/
    Notes

    Noun[edit]

    蚯蚓

    1. earthworm (Classifier: )

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 蚯蚓 (“earthworm”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 蚯蚓蜿蟺蜸蚕螼蚓
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蚯蚓
    Mandarin Beijing 曲蟮
    Taiwan 蚯蚓
    Tianjin 地蠶
    Harbin 曲蛇
    Shenyang 曲蛇
    Hailar 蚯蚓
    Ulan Hot 曲蛇
    Tongliao 蚯蚓
    Chifeng 曲蟮
    Bayanhot 蚯蚓
    Jinan 曲蟮
    Muping 曲蛇
    Luoyang 曲踡
    Jiedian 曲蟮
    Ronghe 蚰蜒
    Xi'an 蚰蜒
    Qingdao 曲蟮
    Zhengzhou 除串
    Xining 曲蟮泥曲蟮
    Xuzhou 地曲蚯蚓
    Yinchuan 土蟲
    Lanzhou 曲蟮
    Ürümqi 蚯蚓
    Wuhan 曲蟮
    Chengdu 曲蟮兒蚯蚓
    Guiyang 曲蟮
    Guilin 蚜蟲
    Liuzhou 蚜蟲
    Kunming 曲蟮
    Yangzhou 曲蟮
    Nanjing 曲蟮
    Hefei 曲蟮
    Nantong 地龍寒䘆
    Cantonese Guangzhou 黃䘆
    Hong Kong 黃䘆蚯蚓
    Shunde 河䘆
    Foshan 巷䘆
    Zhongshan 濠䘆
    Dongguan 禾䘆
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 鵝䘆蛇䘆禾䘆
    Taishan 黃䘆
    Doumen 禾䘆黃䘆
    Kaiping 黃䘆
    Shaoguan 黃䘆
    Yunfu 黃䘆
    Xinyi 黃䘆
    Lianjiang 泥䘆
    Nanning 黃䘆
    Wuzhou 黃䘆地龍
    Yulin 蛆彈
    Hepu 土努
    Kuala Lumpur 黃䘆
    Gan Nanchang 寒螼子寒螼
    Lichuan 塘蟻
    Pingxiang 回䘆
    Hakka Meixian 䘆公
    Xingning 䘆公
    Huidong 䘆公
    Qujiang 紅䘆
    Xiaosanjiang 黃䘆
    Luchuan 紅蟮
    Changting 黃䘆
    Pingyu 紅䘆
    Wuping 黃䘆
    Liancheng 黃䘆
    Ninghua 河䘆
    Yudu 河䘆
    Ruijin 河䘆
    Shicheng 河蟻
    Shangyou 䘆公
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 䘆公
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 䘆公
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 蟲䘆
    Dongshi (Dabu) 蟲䘆
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 䘆公蟲䘆
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蟲䘆
    Hong Kong 蟲䘆
    Sabah 紅䘆
    Senai 紅䘆
    Singkawang 紅䘆紅䘆公
    Huizhou Shexian 紅蟻
    Jin Taiyuan 曲蟮
    Xinzhou 茭子魚兒曲蟮兒
    Baochang 蚯蚓
    Jining 蚯蚓
    Hohhot 曲蟮
    Baotou 蚯蚓
    Dongsheng 蚯蚓
    Linhe 蚯蚓
    Haibowan 蚯蚓
    Min Bei Jian'ou 加溜䘆地龍 large地龍杠 large
    Dikou 溜䘆
    Jianyang 尿䘆
    Wuyishan 地䘆
    Shibei 溜䘆
    Min Dong Fuzhou 猴蚓地龍 large
    Changle 猴蚓
    Fuqing 琴蚓地龍 large
    Yongtai 猴蚓
    Fu'an 猴蚓
    Ningde 猴蚓
    Shouning 猴蚓
    Zhouning 猴蚓
    Fuding 猴蚓
    Min Nan Xiamen 杜蚓猴蚓
    Quanzhou 猴蚓
    Zhangzhou 杜蚓
    Taipei 牛貫杜蚓仔杜蚓
    Kaohsiung 杜蚓仔
    Tainan 杜蚓仔
    Taichung 杜蚓仔
    Wuqi 杜蚓
    Hsinchu 杜蚓
    Taitung 杜蚓
    Lukang 杜蚓
    Sanxia 杜蚓
    Yilan 杜蚓
    Kinmen 杜蚓
    Magong 塗蚓杜蚓
    Penang cacing
    Singapore 杜蚓猴蚓
    Pingnan 杜蚓
    Chaozhou 蚯蚓
    Shantou 蚯蚓
    Haifeng 蚯蚓
    Johor Bahru 蚯蚓
    Wenchang 餌龍
    Haikou 塗蚓餌龍
    Leizhou 塗蚓𧊗
    Puxian Min Putian 猴蚓
    Xianyou 猴蚓
    Pinghua Nanning 土䏰
    Guilin 蚯青
    Wu Shanghai 曲蟮蚯蚓
    Suzhou 曲蟮
    Wuxi 蚯蚓曲蟮
    Hangzhou 曲蟮
    Wenzhou 康䘆
    Chongming 觸蟮
    Danyang 曲蟮
    Jinhua 水麵蟮麵
    Ningbo 曲蟮
    Xiang Changsha 曲蟮子
    Shuangfeng 曲染子
    Xiangtan 曲線子
    Loudi 曲蟮子曲蟮
    Quanzhou 蚜蟲

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic (蚯蚓):
    • Japanese:  (きゅう) (いん) (kyūin)
    • Korean: 구인 (蚯蚓, gu-in)

    Japanese[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
    Irregular
    Wikipedia-logo.png
     ミミズ on Japanese Wikipedia

    The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓)

    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    蚯蚓 (counter , hiragana みみず, katakana ミミズ, rōmaji mimizu) (alternative reading hiragana めめず, romaji memezu)

    1. an earthworm (worm (animal))
      • 2005 August 9, Sorachi, Hideaki, “だい六十四くん キャラクターはシルエットだけでどくしゃけがつくようにけよう [Lesson 64: Characters Should Be Drawn So That Readers Can Make Them Out with just the Silhouettes]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 8 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
        どっかでミミズ (しょう)便 (べん)でも ひっかけてきたんじゃないかィ? ()れるっていうよね
        Dokka de mimizu ni shōben demo hikkaketekitan ja nai ki? Harerutte iu yo ne
        Did you piss on a worm somewhere? You said swollen right?
         (なに) ()っちゃってんの  (めい) (しん)だろそんな…
        Nani itchatten no Meishin daro sonna…
        What you talkin’ about? That’s just a superstition…
    Usage notes[edit]
    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    きゅう
    Hyōgaiji
    いん
    Hyōgaiji
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese 蚯蚓 (khjuw yinX). Compare modern Mandarin 蚯蚓 (qiūyǐn).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    蚯蚓 (hiragana きゅういん, rōmaji kyūin, historical hiragana きういん)

    1. an earthworm (worm (animal))

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja in this term

    Noun[edit]

    蚯蚓 (gu-in) (hangeul 구인)

    1. Hanja form? of 구인 (earthworm).