蜉蝣

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chinese[edit]

Ephemera strigata
simp. and trad.
(蜉蝣)
Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “looks like there's some sort of reduplication”

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (3) (36)
Final () (136) (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨu/ /jɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/biu/ /jiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/biəu/ /iəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buw/ /juw/
Li
Rong
/biu/ /iu/
Wang
Li
/bĭəu/ /jĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ə̯u/ /i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fóu yóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b](r)u/
English mayfly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3347 15547
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bu/ /*lu/

Noun[edit]

蜉蝣

  1. mayfly

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 蜉蝣 on Japanese Wikipedia
蜉蝣 (kagerō, fuyū): a mayfly.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Change in meaning from 陽炎 (kagerō, heat haze, heat shimmer), from the way that the insects fly in swarms that visually resemble heat haze.[1] The kanji is jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 蜉蝣.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜉蝣 (hiragana かげろう, katakana カゲロウ, rōmaji kagerō, historical hiragana かげろふ)

  1. a mayfly
  2. (obsolete) Synonym of 蜻蛉 (tonbo, dragonfly)
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as カゲロウ.

Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Change in meaning from 陽炎 (kagirō, heat haze, heat shimmer), from the way that the insects fly in swarms that visually resemble heat haze.[1]

Obsolete reading.

Noun[edit]

蜉蝣 (hiragana かぎろう, rōmaji kagirō, historical hiragana かぎろふ)

  1. (obsolete) Synonym of 蜻蛉 (tonbo, dragonfly)

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ゆう
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜉蝣 (bjuw yuw?). Compare Mandarin 蜉蝣 (fúyóu), Vietnamese phù du.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜉蝣 (hiragana ふゆう, rōmaji fuyū, historical hiragana ふいう)

  1. a mayfly
  2. (by extension) ephemerality (from the way that mayflies are born and die within a day)
Idioms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN