蝴蝶

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Chinese[edit]

butterfly butterfly
simp. and trad.
(蝴蝶)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese *ɣo dep (first syllable unstressed), from Old Chinese *ɡa-lep, derived from a proto-form of *kʰleːp ~ *ɦleːp, a prefixed form of the root *lep ("wide, flat", represented by the phonetic element ).

Variants: ‎(*l̥eːp), 胡蝶, 蛺蝶 ‎(*kep l’ep), 蛺蜨 ‎(*kep sep), representing different developments from the proto-form, including disyllabification, fricativisation of the voiceless initial, etc.

Cognates from the same word family:

  • ‎(*lep, leaf)
  • ‎(*l’eːp, flatfish, plaice)
  • > ‎(*l’eːp, plate)
  • ‎(*l’eːp, official document < plank).

This word in Chinese is related to Proto-Tibeto-Burman *lep ("butterfly"), the source of

Outside Sino-Tibetan, compare Middle Korean

  • 나븨 (napuy, “butterfly”) (Modern 나비 (nabi, “nabi”))
  • (nip, “leaf”) (Modern (ip, “ip”))
  • 넙치 (neopchi, “flatfish”),

similarly derived from a similar-shaped adjective root 넙다 (nep-, “to be wide, flat”) (Modern 넓다 (neolda, “neol(p)-”)).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

蝴蝶

  1. butterfly

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちょう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

蝴蝶 ‎(hiragana こちょう, romaji kochō)

  1. butterfly