蝴蝶

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Chinese[edit]

butterfly butterfly
simp. and trad.
(蝴蝶)
alt. forms 胡蝶 obsolete
蝴蜨

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese *ɣo dep (first syllable unstressed), from Old Chinese *ɡa-lep, derived from a proto-form of *kʰleːp ~ *ɦleːp, a prefixed form of the root *lep ("wide, flat", represented by the phonetic element (OC *leb)).

Variants: (OC *l̥ʰeːb, *l'eːb), 蛺蝶 (OC *kep l’ep), 蛺蜨 (OC *kep sep), representing different developments from the proto-form, including disyllabification, fricativisation of the voiceless initial, etc.

Cognates from the same word family:

  • (OC *hljeb, *leb, “leaf”)
  • (OC *l̥ʰaːb, *l'eːb, “flatfish, plaice”)
  • (OC *leb) > (OC *l'eːb, “plate”)
  • (OC *l'eːb, “official document < plank”).

This word in Chinese descends from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *lep(butterfly), also the source of

Outside Sino-Tibetan, compare Middle Korean

  • 나븨(napuy, butterfly, modern 나비(nabi))
  • (nip, leaf, modern (ip))
  • 넙치(neopchi, flatfish),

similarly derived from a similar-shaped adjective root 넙다(nep-, to be wide, flat, modern 넓다(neol(p)-)).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (33) (7)
Final () (23) (158)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/ /dep̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/ /dep̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/ /dɛp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/ /dɛp̚/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/ /dep̚/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/ /diep̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/ /dʱiep̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dié
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
No. 4254 11580
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡaː/ /*l'eːb/
Notes

Noun[edit]

蝴蝶

  1. butterfly   (Classifier: )

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 蝴蝶 (“butterfly”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 蝴蝶
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蝴蝶
Mandarin Beijing 蝴蝶兒
Taiwan 蝴蝶
Harbin 蝴蝶兒
Jinan 蝴蝶
Muping 蛾兒
Luoyang 蝴蝶兒
Wanrong 蛾兒
Xi'an 蝴蝶蝴蝶兒蟬兒
Xining 打打蛾兒
Xuzhou 蝴蝶兒蝴蝶子花蝴蝶兒花蝴蝶子
Yinchuan 葉蝶子
Ürümqi 蝴蝶
Wuhan 蝴蝶
Chengdu 蝴蝶蝴蝶兒飛蛾兒
Guiyang 蝴蝶
Liuzhou 蝴蝶
Yangzhou 蝴蝶子蝴葉蝶子
Nanjing 蝴蝶兒
Hefei 蝴蝶
Cantonese Guangzhou 蝴蝶崩砂
Hong Kong 蝴蝶
Dongguan 蝴蝶
Taishan 蝴蝶
Yangjiang 蝴蝶崩砂
Gan Nanchang 蝴蝶
Lichuan 蝴蝶
Hakka Meixian 蝴蝶揚蝶仔
Yudu 蝴蝶
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 揚蝶仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 揚蝶仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蝶仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 蝶仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蝴蝶
Hui Jixi 飛飛蝶
Jin Taiyuan 蝴蝶蝴蝶兒
Xinzhou 蝴蝶兒蛾兒
Min Bei Jian'ou 蝴蝶
Min Dong Fuzhou 蝴蝶
Min Nan Xiamen 尾蝶蝴蝶蝶仔
Quanzhou 尾蝶蝴蝶蝶仔
Zhangzhou 尾蝶蝴蝶蝶仔
Taipei 蝶仔蝴蝶
Kaohsiung 蝶仔蝴蝶
Tainan 尾蝶仔
Taichung 蝶仔
Yilan 蝶仔蝴蝶
Lukang 蝶仔
Sanxia 蝶仔
Kinmen 尾蝶
Magong 蝶婆
Hsinchu 蝶仔蝴蝶
Malaysia 尾蝶
Chaozhou 尾蝶
Leizhou 破碗
Pinghua Nanning 蝴蝶
Wu Shanghai 蝴蝶
Suzhou 蝴蝶
Hangzhou 蝴蝶兒
Wenzhou 蝴蝶
Danyang 蝴蝶蝴蝶蝶
Jinhua 蝴蝶兒
Ningbo 蝴蝶
Xiang Changsha 蝴蝶蝴蝶子
Shuangfeng 飛摸子蝴蝶子
Loudi 飛摸子

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちょう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

蝴蝶 ‎(hiragana こちょう, romaji kochō)

  1. butterfly