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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kjeds): phonetic  ‎(OC *kjeds) + semantic  ‎(clothes) – originally to produce cloth.

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹弓卜竹女 (HNYHV), four-corner 22732, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1119, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34380
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1586, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3095, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+88FD

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (23)
Final: (35)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕiᴇiH/ /t͡ɕiɛiH/ /t͡ɕjæiH/ /ciajH/ /t͡ɕiɛiH/ /t͡ɕĭɛiH/ /t͡ɕi̯ɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhì ‹ tsyejH › /*tet-s/ cut out (a garment)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17379 2 /*kjeds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to make, to manufacture
  2. to produce

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(tsyejH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. make

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana せい, romaji -sei)

  1. -made
    日本製 (にほんせい)
    nihon-sei
    made in Japan

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(je) (hangeul , revised je, McCune-Reischauer che, Yale cey)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chế, chẽ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.