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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
要-bw.png
Stroke order
要-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 146 西+3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 一田女 (MWV), four-corner 10404, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1128, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34768
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1597, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2805, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8981

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
要-oracle.svg 要-bronze.svg 要-bigseal.svg 要-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a woman ( ()) with two hands pointing to her midsection.

Original meaning was "waist" (now (yāo)). The hands gradually shifted upwards; the () in the modern form evolved from the hands and the woman's head.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (91)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yāo
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiᴇu/ /ʔiɛu/ /ʔjæu/ /ʔiaw/ /ʔiɛu/ /ĭɛu/ /ʔi̯ɛu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14748 2 /*qew/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to demand, to ask, to request
      ―  yāoqiú  ―  to request
  2. to force, to coerce
    /   ―  yāoxié  ―  to threaten, to blackmail
  3. to promise
    /   ―  yāoyuē  ―  to restrict, to agree to a contract/offer/bid
  4. to block, to intercept
    /   ―  yāo  ―  to intercept, to ambush
  5. Alternative form of (yāo).
  6. Alternative form of (yāo, “waist”).
  7. contract of alliance
      ―  jiǔyāo  ―  former contract
  8. A surname​.

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (34)
Final: (91)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yào
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔiᴇuH/ /ʔiɛuH/ /ʔjæuH/ /ʔiawH/ /ʔiɛuH/ /ĭɛuH/ /ʔi̯ɛuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yào ‹ ʔjiewH › /*[q]ew(k)-s/ important

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14752 2 /*qews/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to want; to wish; to need
    睡覺 / 睡觉  ―  yào shuìjiào.  ―  I want to sleep.
    •   ―  yàoyào hē chá?  ―  Do you want some tea?
  2. will; going to (future auxiliary)
      ―  yào zǒu le.  ―  I am going to go.
  3. about to
  4. should; to must; to have to
      ―  yào hē jiǔ.  ―  Don't drink alcohol.
  5. vital, important
      ―  zhòngyào  ―  important
      ―  zhǔyào  ―  main
  6. if, in case of
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of ("to want to")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Wenzhou

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

See also 要する

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. need, necessity, essential

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana よう, romaji )

  1. cornerstone
  2. requirement

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かなめ, romaji kaname)

  1. pivot, cornerstone, keystone

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かなめ, romaji Kaname)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yo) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer yo, Yale yo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(yếu, éo, eo, yêu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.