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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜口人心 (YROP), four-corner 04610, composition)

  1. swindle, cheat
  2. erroneous, wrong
  3. accent, dialect

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1149, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35256
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1616, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3947, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8A1B

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (訛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 戈
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 五禾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋuɑ/ /ŋuɑ/ /ŋuɑ/ /ŋuɑ/ /ŋwa/ /ŋuɑ/ /ŋuɑ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
é ‹ ngwa › /*m-qʷʰˤaj/ move; change

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5319 1 /*ŋʷaːl/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(wa) (hangeul , revised wa, McCune-Reischauer wa, Yale wa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngoa, ngoả)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.