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See also:
U+8A66, 試
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A66

[U+8A65]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A67]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口戈心一 (YRIPM), four-corner 03640, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1157, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1622, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3960, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+8A66

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯɡs): semantic + phonetic (OC *hljɯɡ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • si5 - common variant of si3 when meaning “test; examination”.
  • Hakka
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • sé̤ṳ - literary;
    • ché - vernacular;
    • sé - vernacular (used in 考試).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhì - vernacular;
    • sì - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (19)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕɨH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕɨH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕieH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕiəH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕĭəH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shì
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    si3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ syiH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥ək-s/
    English test, try

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14971
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljɯɡs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to test; to try; to experiment
    2. test; examination
    3. experiment

    Synonyms[edit]

    • (to try):
    edit

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. trial
    2. experiment

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɕɨH). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: si) in Sinjeung Yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (in 試合 and 試驗):
    • (to test; etc.):
      • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɕʰi(ː)]
      • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
        • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 시험할 (siheomhal si))

    1. Hanja form? of (to test; to try).
    2. Hanja form? of (test; trial; examination).
    3. Hanja form? of (experiment).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Hán tự[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: thí[1]
    : Nôm readings: thi[2], thía[2], thử[3]

    1. Hán tự form of thí (to experiment).
    2. Nôm form of thử (to try, to test something).
    3. Nôm form of thi (to take and exam, to compete; exam, trial, competition).

    References[edit]