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See also:
U+8A71, 話
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A71

[U+8A70]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A72]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口竹十口 (YRHJR), four-corner 02664, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1158, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35441
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1624, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3965, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8A71

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
話-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰroːds, *qʰroːds, *ɡroːd
*ɡroːds
*kroːd
*kroːd, *koːd
*kroːd, *kʰroːd
*ɡroːd, *ɦbljed
*ɡroːd, *ɡoːd
*ɡroːd, *koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *ɡoːd
*koːd, *kʰoːd
*koːd, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd, *ɡoːd
*koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *slem, *l̥ʰeːmʔ
*koːd
*koːd
*koːd, *kʰoːd
*koːd
*kʰoːd
*kʰoːd
*ɡoːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡroːds): semantic  (word) + phonetic 𠯑. The right component is not related to (OC *ɦbljed, “tongue”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • waa6-2 - “dialect; language; particle”;
  • waa6 - other senses.
Note:
  • va5* - “dialect; language”;
  • va5 - other senses.
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • fa4 - noun;
    • va4 - verb.
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ōe/ōa - vernacular (ōa - rare in Xiamen);
    • hōa - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xua⁵¹/
    Harbin /xua⁵³/
    Tianjin /xuɑ⁵³/
    Jinan /xua²¹/
    Qingdao /xua⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xua³¹²/
    Xi'an /xua⁴⁴/
    Xining /xua²¹³/
    Yinchuan /xua¹³/
    Lanzhou /xua¹³/
    Ürümqi /xua²¹³/
    Wuhan /xua³⁵/
    Chengdu /xua¹³/
    Guiyang /xua²¹³/
    Kunming /xua̠²¹²/
    Nanjing /xuɑ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /xua⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /xua⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /xuɑ³⁵/
    Hohhot /xua⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦo²³/
    /ɦua²³/
    Suzhou /ɦo³¹/
    Hangzhou /ɦuɑ¹³/
    /ɦuo¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦo²²/
    Hui Shexian /xua²²/
    /ua²²/
    Tunxi /uːə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /fa⁵⁵/
    /fa¹¹/
    Xiangtan /uɒ²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /uɑ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /fa⁵³/
    Taoyuan /fɑ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wa²²/ 白~
    /wa³⁵/ 說~
    Nanning /wa²²/
    Hong Kong /wa²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hua²²/
    /ue²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uɑ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ua⁴⁴/
    /xua⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ue³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hua³⁵/
    /ue²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (30)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠuaiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷᵚaiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuaiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwaɨjsH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuaiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣwæiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣwaiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huà
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwaejH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[g]ʷˁrat-s/
    English speak; words

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7558
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡroːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. speech; talk; language
    2. what somebody said; (somebody's) words (Classifier: )
    3. dialect; language
    4. (Cantonese, Hakka) to say; to refer to; to talk about
    5. (Cantonese, Hakka) to tell someone off, to scold
    6. (Cantonese) to think; to feel; to consider; to say
    7. (Cantonese) Sentence-final particle used to ask someone to repeat previous information.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to say, to speak”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    See also[edit]

    • (zhǐ)
    • (to tell someone off): (naau6, “to scold”)

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はなし
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はなし, rōmaji hanashi)

    1. talking; speaking; speech; conversation
       (なん) (はなし)をしてるの?
      Nan no hanashi o shiteru no?
      What are you guys talking about?
    2. story; tale; narrative
      「ざしき (ぼっ) ()はなし
      “Zashiki Bokko no Hanashi
      The Story of the Zashiki-bokko
    3. a topic; a subject; that which is spoken about
    4. rumors; rumours
    5. negotiation; consultation; discussion
    6. lecture; speech

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji -wa)

    1. Counter for stories.
    2. Counter for episodes of TV shows.
       (だい) (いち) ()daiichiwaepisode 1

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 말할 (malhal hwa))

    1. to speak

    Kunigami[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぱなーしー, romaji phanaashii)

    1. conversation
    2. speech
    3. story

    Miyako[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぱなす, romaji panasu)

    1. conversation
    2. speech
    3. story

    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はなし, romaji hanashi)

    1. conversation
    2. speech
    3. story

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thoại)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Yaeyama[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぱなしぃ, romaji panasï)

    1. conversation
    2. speech
    3. story