Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+8AA6, 誦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AA6

[U+8AA5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AA7]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149, +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口弓戈月 (YRNIB), four-corner 07627, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1164, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35551
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1629, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3980, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+8AA6

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljoŋs): semantic + phonetic (OC *loŋʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • siōng - literary;
  • siòng - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /tʰuŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /suŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /suŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /suŋ²¹/
    /ɕyŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /səŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /syuŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /suŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /suə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /suŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /sũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /suŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /soŋ³⁵/
    Chengdu /soŋ¹³/
    Guiyang /soŋ²¹³/
    Kunming /soŋ¹/
    Nanjing /soŋ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /səŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /suŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /sũŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /soŋ³⁵/
    /zoŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zoŋ³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡zoŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /jyɔ²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /san⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /soŋ⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /sən⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /siuŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /suŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡soŋ²²/
    Nanning /t͡suŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡suŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siɔŋ²²/
    /siɔŋ²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /søyŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sœyŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /toŋ³³/
    /taŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hoŋ³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (17)
    Final () (7)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /zɨoŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /zioŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /zioŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /zuawŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /zioŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /zĭwoŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /zi̯woŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    sòng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    zung6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    sòng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ zjowngH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sə-[l]oŋ-s/
    English recite

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 15436
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ljoŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to read aloud
    2. to recount
    3. to recite; to chant

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC zɨoŋH).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 Recorded as Middle Korean 쑈ᇰ〮 (Yale: ssyóng) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[1] 외올〮 쇼ᇰ〯 Recorded as Middle Korean 쇼ᇰ〯 (Yale: syǒng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [sʰo̞(ː)ŋ]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 외울 (oe'ul song))

    1. Hanja form? of (to recite; to read aloud).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: tụng ((tự)(dụng)(thiết))[1][2][3]
    : Nôm readings: tụng[1][2][4], tọng[3][5], tộng[3]

    1. Hán tự form of tụng (to recite).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]