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U+8AB0, 誰
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8AB0

[U+8AAF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8AB1]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
誰-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜口人土 (YROG), four-corner 00614, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1165, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35686
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1630, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3987, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+8AB0

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lus, *rulʔ, *luls
*tuːl
*tuːl
*tuːls
*tʰuːl, *tʰjul
*tʰuːl, *tʰjul
*duːlʔ
*duːl
*stuːlʔ
*zluːl, *sʰluːl
*ŋreːl, *rulʔ
*dul
*dul
*tjul
*tjul
*kljul
*tjul
*sɢʷinʔ, *tjul
*djul
*djul

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djul): semantic (speak) + phonetic (OC *tjul) – to ask “who?”.

Etymology 1[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • sûi - literary;
  • chûi - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂei³⁵/
/ʂuei³⁵/
Harbin /ʂei²⁴/
/ʂuei²⁴/
Tianjin /sei⁴⁵/
/suei⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʂuei⁴²/
/ʂei⁴²/
Qingdao /ʂe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂuei⁴²/
/ʂei⁴²/
Xi'an /sei²⁴/
Xining /fɨ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂuei⁵³/
Lanzhou /fei⁵³/
Ürümqi /sei⁵¹/
Wuhan /suei²¹³/
Chengdu /suei³¹/
Guiyang /suei²¹/
Kunming /suei³¹/
Nanjing /ʂuəi²⁴/
Hefei /ʂue⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /sei¹¹/
/suei¹¹/
Pingyao /suei¹³/
Hohhot /suei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zø²³/
Suzhou /ze̞¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷei²¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕye⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ɕyei¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕyəi¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /sui¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy²¹/
Nanning /sui²¹/
Hong Kong /søy²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suoi⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sui⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdiaŋ³³/ 訓讀

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (16)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiuɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑʷi/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjuɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑwi/
Li
Rong
/ʑui/
Wang
Li
/ʑwi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑwi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chuí
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17725
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djul/

Definitions[edit]

  1. who; whom
  2. someone; anyone
  3. anyone; whoever
  4. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

From elision of 啥人 (siáⁿ-lâng).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) who; whom

Etymology 3[edit]

trad.
simp.

From elision of 底人 (tī-lâng).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Kinmen, Magong and Teochew Min Nan) who; whom

Etymology 4[edit]

trad.
simp.

From shortening of 是誰是谁 (chī-chūi), from 是誰是谁 (sī-sûi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Xiamen and Quanzhou Min Nan) who; whom

Etymology 5[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms (chiâ)
(chôa)

From shortening of 是誰是谁 (chī-choa̍h), from 是誰啊是谁啊 (sī-sûi--ah).

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Zhangzhou and Taichung Min Nan) who; whom

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“who; whom”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 誰人何人
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 哪個啥個
Chengdu 哪個啥子人
Yangzhou 哪一個哪個
Hefei 哪個哈個
Cantonese Guangzhou 邊個乜誰
Hong Kong 邊個乜誰
Taishan 阿誰
Yangjiang 乜誰
Gan Nanchang 哪個
Hakka Meixian 麼人哪儕
Xingning 哪隻
Huidong (Huizhou) 哪隻哪人
Qujiang 哪個
Xiaosanjiang 哪儕
Changting 哪個哪個哩
Pingyu 麼人
Wuping 哪個麼人
Liancheng 哪個麼人
Ninghua 台人
Ruijin 哪人哪個
Shicheng 斯你
Shangyou 哪人
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麼人麼儕
Liudui (S. Sixian) 麼人麼儕
Hsinchu (Hailu) 麼人麼儕
Dongshi (Dabu) 麼人麼儕
Zhuolan (Raoping) 麼人麼儕
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麼儕
Jin Taiyuan 誰們
Min Bei Jian'ou 孰人
Min Dong Fuzhou 底人
Min Nan Xiamen 是誰啥人啥物人什物人底人
Quanzhou 是誰啥人
Zhangzhou 是誰啥人
Taipei 啥物人
Kaohsiung 啥物人
Tainan 啥物人
Taichung 啥人
Yilan 啥人
Lukang 啥物人
Sanxia 啥人
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu 啥物人
Malaysia 誰誰誰誰人是誰
Chaozhou 底人
Wu Shanghai 啥人
Suzhou 啥人
Wenzhou 何人何呢人
Xiang Changsha 哪個
Shuangfeng 哪個

See also[edit]

Question words


Japanese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ta)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who

Pronoun[edit]

‎(hiragana たれ, romaji tare)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who
    • 16031604, Nippo Jisho (page 614)
      Tare. タレ (誰) 誰. 例, Tarega maittaca. l, tareca maitta. (誰が参つたか. まはは, 誰か参つた) 誰が来たか. Tare naritomo. (誰なりとも) 誰であろうとも.

Etymology[edit]

From earlier /tare/. The voicing of the initial /t-/ to /d-/ is likely due to analogy to the interrogative demonstrative 何処(doko).

Pronoun[edit]

‎(hiragana だれ, romaji dare)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who

Synonyms[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. interrogative personal pronoun; who

Readings[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(su) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thùy, thuỳ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.