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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (say) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +8, 15 strokes, cangjie input 卜口人一月 (YROMB), four-corner 08627, composition)

  1. debate
  2. discuss
  3. discourse

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1168, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35658
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1633, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3988, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8AD6

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (論), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 諄
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 力迍切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liuɪn/ /li̯uĕn/ /liuĕn/ /lʷin/ /lwin/ /lĭuĕn/ /ljuen/
Character (論), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 盧昆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luən/ /luən/ /luən/ /luon/ /lwən/ /luən/ /luən/
Character (論), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 盧困切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luənH/ /luənH/ /luənH/ /luonH/ /lwənH/ /luənH/ /luənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8649 2 /*ruːn/
8656 2 /*ruːns/
8667 2 /*run/

Noun[edit]

  1. debate
  2. discuss
  3. discourse

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (論), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 諄
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 力迍切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/liuɪn/ /li̯uĕn/ /liuĕn/ /lʷin/ /lwin/ /lĭuĕn/ /ljuen/
Character (論), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 盧昆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luən/ /luən/ /luən/ /luon/ /lwən/ /luən/ /luən/
Character (論), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 魂
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 盧困切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/luənH/ /luənH/ /luənH/ /luonH/ /lwənH/ /luənH/ /luənH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8649 2 /*ruːn/
8656 2 /*ruːns/
8667 2 /*run/

Proper noun[edit]

  1. Abbreviation of 論語.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. argument, discussion

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ろん, romaji ron)

  1. theory

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ron>non, yun) (hangeul >, , revised ron>non, yun, McCune-Reischauer ron>non, yun, Yale lon>non, yun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin lún (lun2), lùn (lun4), Wade-Giles lun2, lun4)

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Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*luən, luin, luə̀n)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(luận, gọn, lấn, lẩn, lọn, lộn, lòn, lụn, chọn, giọn, lốn, luồn, trọn, trộn)

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