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See also:
U+8CA7, 貧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CA7

[U+8CA6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CA8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 154, +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹金 (CSHC), four-corner 80806, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36677
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1667, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3628, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8CA7

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
貧-silk.svg 貧-seal.svg 貧-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *brɯn): phonetic (OC *pɯn, *bɯns) + semantic .

It may look like an ideographic compound, to divide () one's money , but is only phonetic.

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Tibetan དབུལ (dbul, poor) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Quanzhou:
    • pîn - literary;
    • pân - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pʰin³⁵/
    Harbin /pʰin²⁴/
    Tianjin /pʰin⁴⁵/
    Jinan /pʰiẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /pʰiə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /pʰin⁴²/
    Xi'an /pʰiẽ²⁴/
    Xining /pʰiə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pʰin²¹³/
    Chengdu /pʰin³¹/
    Guiyang /pʰin²¹/
    Kunming /pʰĩ³¹/
    Nanjing /pʰin²⁴/
    Hefei /pʰin⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /pʰiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /pʰĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /biŋ²³/
    Suzhou /bin¹³/
    Hangzhou /bin²¹³/
    Wenzhou /beŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /pʰin⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /pin¹³/
    Xiangtan /bin¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /pʰin⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /pʰin¹¹/
    Taoyuan /pʰin¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐn²¹/
    Nanning /pʰɐn²¹/
    Hong Kong /pʰɐn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pin³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fin³¹/
    /kiaŋ³¹/ 訓窮

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (44)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bˠiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bᵚin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bien/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bjin/
    Li
    Rong
    /bjĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /bǐĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pín
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    pín
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b]rə[n]/
    English poor

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3140
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*brɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. poor; impoverished; destitute
    2. inadequate; insufficient; lacking
    3. garrulous; talkative

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. poverty

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 가난할 (gananhal bin))

    1. Hanja form? of (poverty).

    Compounds[edit]