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See also:
U+8CA7, 貧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CA7

[U+8CA6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CA8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹金 (CSHC), four-corner 80806, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36677
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1667, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3628, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8CA7

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
貧-silk.svg 貧-bigseal.svg 貧-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
prɯːns, *hmroːlʔ, *pɯn, *pɯnʔ
pʰrɯːns
praːn, *bɯn
praːn, *bɯn
praːn, *bɯn
prɯn, *bɯns
pʰreːd, *prɯn
prɯn
prɯn
prɯn
prɯn, *pʰrɯn, *pʰɯn
brɯn
pʰɯːns, *bɯːn, *pʰɯns
bɯːn
bɯːn, *bɯn, *bɯn
bɯːns, *bɯnʔ, *bɯns
bɯːns, *bɯnʔ, *bɯns
pɯn, *bɯns
pɯn
pɯnʔ
pɯnʔ
pʰɯn
pʰɯn
pʰɯn
pʰɯn, *bɯn
pʰɯn, *bɯn
pʰɯn
忿 pʰɯnʔ, *pʰɯns, *bɯnʔ
pʰɯnʔ, *pʰɯns, *bɯn, *bɯnʔ
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn
bɯn, *bɯnʔ
bɯn, *bɯnʔ
bɯnʔ
bɯns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *brɯn): phonetic  (OC *pɯn, *bɯns) + semantic .

It may look like an ideographic compound, to divide () one's money , but is only phonetic.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Quanzhou:
    • pîn - literary;
    • pân - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰin³⁵/
Harbin /pʰin²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰin⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰiẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰiə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰin⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰiẽ²⁴/
Xining /pʰiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰin³¹/
Guiyang /pʰin²¹/
Kunming /pʰĩ³¹/
Nanjing /pʰin²⁴/
Hefei /pʰin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /biŋ²³/
Suzhou /bin¹³/
Hangzhou /bin²¹³/
Wenzhou /beŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /pin¹³/
Xiangtan /bin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰin⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /pʰin¹¹/
Taoyuan /pʰin¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐn²¹/
Nanning /pʰɐn²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰɐn²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pin³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fin³¹/
/kiaŋ³¹/ 訓窮

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (44)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠiɪn/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚin/
Shao
Rongfen
/bien/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bjin/
Li
Rong
/bjĕn/
Wang
Li
/bǐĕn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ĕn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pín
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3140
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*brɯn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. poor; impoverished; destitute
  2. inadequate; insufficient; lacking
  3. garrulous; talkative

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. poverty

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bin) (hangeul , revised bin, McCune-Reischauer pin, Yale pin)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.