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See also:
U+8CA7, 貧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8CA7

[U+8CA6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8CA8]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(Kangxi radical 154, +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 金尸竹金 (CSHC), four-corner 80806, composition )

References[edit]

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1205, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36677
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1667, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3628, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8CA7

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *brɯn): phonetic (OC *pɯn, *bɯns, divide) + semantic (money) – to divide one's money.

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-b(u/i)l (poor); cognate with Tibetan དབུལ (dbul, poor) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007; Hill, 2014).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Quanzhou:
    • pîn - literary;
    • pân - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pʰin³⁵/
    Harbin /pʰin²⁴/
    Tianjin /pʰin⁴⁵/
    Jinan /pʰiẽ⁴²/
    Qingdao /pʰiə̃⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /pʰin⁴²/
    Xi'an /pʰiẽ²⁴/
    Xining /pʰiə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁵³/
    Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pʰin²¹³/
    Chengdu /pʰin³¹/
    Guiyang /pʰin²¹/
    Kunming /pʰĩ³¹/
    Nanjing /pʰin²⁴/
    Hefei /pʰin⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /pʰiŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /pʰĩŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /biŋ²³/
    Suzhou /bin¹³/
    Hangzhou /bin²¹³/
    Wenzhou /beŋ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /pʰin⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /pin¹³/
    Xiangtan /bin¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /pʰin⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /pʰin¹¹/
    Taoyuan /pʰin¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰɐn²¹/
    Nanning /pʰɐn²¹/
    Hong Kong /pʰɐn²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pin³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰiŋ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fin³¹/
    /kiaŋ³¹/ 訓窮

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (44)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter bin
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bˠiɪn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bᵚin/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bien/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bjin/
    Li
    Rong
    /bjĕn/
    Wang
    Li
    /bǐĕn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯ĕn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pín
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    pan4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    pín
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bin ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b]rə[n]/
    English poor

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3140
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*brɯn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. poor; impoverished; destitute
    2. to lack; to be deficient in; to be short of
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (poor):
    • (to lack):
    Antonyms[edit]
    • (poor): ()

    Etymology 2[edit]

    The same word as (pín, “frequent”) (Xu, 1990).

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (colloquial) garrulous; talkative

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. poverty

    Readings[edit]

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 가난할 (gananhal bin))

    1. Hanja form? of (poverty).

    Compounds[edit]