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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(shell, money) – valuable goods. 化 means “change”, so also connotation of “valuable goods that are exchanged, commodities”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 154 +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 人心月山金 (OPBUC), four-corner 24806, composition)

  1. goods, commodities, products

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1205, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36678
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1667, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3627, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8CA8

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (貨), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 戈
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 呼臥切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/huɑH/ /xuɑH/ /xuɑH/ /huɑH/ /hwaH/ /xuɑH/ /xuɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5325 1 /*hŋʷaːls/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hwa) (hangeul , revised hwa, McCune-Reischauer hwa, Yale hwa)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hóa, hoá)

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