蹴る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

*/kuwu//kuweru//kʷeru//keru/

From classical verb 蹴う (kuu).

Natural progression from Old Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, lower bigrade conjugation) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, lower monograde conjugation) verbs ending in -eru. The conjugation shifted from shimo ichidan to 四段活用 (yodan katsuyō, quadrigrade conjugation) after the early Edo period.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "蹴る"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
蹴る [kéꜜrù]
Imperative (命令形) 蹴れ [kéꜜrè]
Key constructions
Passive 蹴られる られ [kèráréꜜrù]
Causative 蹴らせる らせ [kèráséꜜrù]
Potential 蹴れる [kèréꜜrù]
Volitional 蹴ろう [kèróꜜò]
Negative 蹴らない ない [kèráꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 蹴らなかった なかった [kèráꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 蹴ります りま [kèrímáꜜsù]
Perfective 蹴った った [kéꜜttà]
Conjunctive 蹴って って [kéꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 蹴れば れば [kéꜜrèbà]

Verb[edit]

() (keru) (transitive, godan conjugation, stem () (keri), past ()った (ketta))

  1. to kick (something)
    ボールを()った
    Bōru o ketta.
    (He) kicked the ball.
  2. to leave
    (かい)()(せき)()って部屋(へや)()た。
    Kaigi no seki o kette heya o deta.
    (He) left the conference room.
  3. to reject
    (もう)()()った
    Mōshide o ketta.
    (He) refused the proposal.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN