躊躇

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Chinese[edit]

pace back and forth; hesitate; waver hesitate
trad. (躊躇)
simp. (踌躇)

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Reduplication with the original form of *du da.

Cognate with 躑躅 (*dek dok), 踟躕 (*de do), 彳亍 (*tʰek tʰok), all meaning "walking slowly or with difficulty > hesitant".

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (11) (11)
Final () (136) (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨu/ /ɖɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiu/ /ɖiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiəu/ /ȡiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖuw/ /ɖɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/ȡiu/ /ȡiɔ/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭəu/ /ȡĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯ə̯u/ /ȡʱi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chóu chú

Verb[edit]

躊躇

  1. to walk back and forth
  2. to hesitate

Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

躊躇

  1. smug; complacent; self-satisfied

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちゅう
Hyōgaiji
ちょ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 躊躇 ‎(djhiou trhjak, literally hesitate + jump over, pass over).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

躊躇 ‎(hiragana ちゅうちょ, romaji chūcho, historical hiragana ちうちょ)

  1. hesitation, indecision, wavering

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

躊躇する ‎(hiragana ちゅうちょする, romaji chūcho suru, historical hiragana ちうちょする)

  1. to hesitate, to be undecided, to waver

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan