返す

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See also: 返る

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
かえ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
反す (rare)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "返す"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
返す えす [káꜜèsù]
Imperative (命令形) 返せ えせ [káꜜèsè]
Key constructions
Passive 返される えされ [kàésáréꜜrù]
Causative 返させる えさせ [kàésáséꜜrù]
Potential 返せる えせ [kàéséꜜrù]
Volitional 返そう えそ [kàésóꜜò]
Negative 返さない えさない [kàésáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 返さなかった えさなかった [kàésáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 返します えしま [kàéshímáꜜsù]
Perfective 返した えした [káꜜèshìtà]
Conjunctive 返して えして [káꜜèshìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 返せば えせば [káꜜèsèbà]

Verb[edit]

(かえ) (kaesuかへす (kafesu)?transitive godan (stem (かえ) (kaeshi), past (かえ)した (kaeshita))

Japanese verb pair
active 返す
mediopassive 返る
  1. to return (something)
    • 2007, 新時代日漢辭典新时代日汉辞典 (Xīn Shídài Rì-hàn Cídiǎn), 1st edition, 大新書局大新书局 (Dàxīn Shūjú), →ISBN:
      (わたし)ディスク(かえ)してください
      watashi no disuku o kaeshite kudasai
      Please return my disc

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(かえ) (-kaesuかへす (kafesu)?godan (stem (かえ) (-kaeshi), past (かえ)した (-kaeshita))

  1. to repeat, to redo

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō