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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *deŋs): phonetic  ‎(OC *diːŋs) + semantic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿大弓中 (TKNL), four-corner 87427, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1277, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39647
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1777, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3798, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+912D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
/t͡səŋ⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /tʃəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sən³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sən¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sen²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂə̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zeŋ²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰaŋ⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃʰɑŋ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɛŋ²²/
Nanning /t͡seŋ²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sɛŋ²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiŋ²²/
/tĩ²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɑŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰiaŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tẽ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (11)
Final: (121)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: zhèng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖiᴇŋH/ /ɖiɛŋH/ /ȡiæŋH/ /ɖiajŋH/ /ȡiɛŋH/ /ȡĭɛŋH/ /ȡʱi̯ɛŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhèng ‹ drjengH › /*[d]reŋ-s/ Zhèng (a surname)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2352 0 /*deŋs/

Proper noun[edit]

  1. a former state in modern-day Henan province
  2. A surname​.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jeong, McCune-Reischauer: chŏng, Yale: ceng)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trịnh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.