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See also:
U+912D, 鄭
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-912D

[U+912C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+912E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 163 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 廿大弓中 (TKNL), four-corner 87427, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1277, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39647
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1777, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3798, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+912D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*diːŋs
*deŋs
*deɡ
*deɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *deŋs): phonetic  (OC *diːŋs) + semantic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tēⁿ/tīⁿ - vernacular;
  • tēng - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁵³/
    /t͡səŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /tʃəŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂəŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂəŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂə̃n¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂɤŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡sən³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡sən¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡sen²¹³/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂə̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂən⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂən⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡səŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂəŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡sə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
    Suzhou /zən¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zen¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡zeŋ²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃²²/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂən⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨn²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰaŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰɑŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sɛŋ²²/
    Nanning /t͡seŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sɛŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiŋ²²/
    /tĩ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɑŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰiaŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tẽ²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡seŋ³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (11)
    Final () (121)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖiᴇŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖiɛŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡiæŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖiajŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡiɛŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭɛŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯ɛŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhèng
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhèng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drjengH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]reŋ-s/
    English Zhèng (a surname)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2352
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*deŋs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (historical) a former state in modern-day Henan province
    2. Used in 鄭重郑重 (zhèngzhòng, “solemn”).
    3. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • → Tagalog: Ty (via Hokkien)

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jeong)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: jeong, McCune-Reischauer: chŏng, Yale: ceng)
      • Name (hangeul): 나라 이름 정, (alternate: Jung)
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (trịnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.