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See also: and 西

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
酉-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): an ancient vase used in making and storing fermented millet liquors. See .


Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
酉-oracle.svg 酉-bronze.svg 酉-silk.svg 酉-bigseal.svg 酉-seal.svg

Han character[edit]

(radical 164 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一金田一 (MCWM), four-corner 10600)

  1. tenth of twelve earthly branches (十二支): rooster () of Chinese zodiac
  2. a wine vessel
  3. radical 164

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1280, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39763
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1778, character 36
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3572, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9149

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/iəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juwX/
Li
Rong
/iuX/
Wang
Li
/jĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yǒu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yǒu yǒu yǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ yuwX › ‹ yuwX › ‹ yuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-ruʔ/ /*N-ruʔ/ /*N-ruʔ/
English 10th earthly branch wine old

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15583
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*luʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Usage notes[edit]

Although it remains associated with liquor, the character alone is mostly used as the tenth earthly branch in the Chinese cyclical calendar.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. "sake" radical (さけづぐり)
  2. "bird of the zodiac" radical (ひよみのとり, とりへん)
  3. rooster (tenth sign of the Chinese zodiac)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 6157
  • Halpern: 3544
  • Halpern Learners: 2207
  • Heisig: 1427
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2254
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とり, romaji tori)

  1. rooster (tenth sign of the Chinese zodiac)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(yu) (hangeul , revised yu, McCune-Reischauer yu, Yale yu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(dấu, dậu, giấu, giậu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.