# 重力

## Chinese

heavy; serious; to double
heavy; serious; to double; to repeat; repetition; iteration; again; a layer
power; force; strength
(重力)

### Noun

1. earth's gravity
2. (by extension) gravity (of other celestial bodies)

#### Derived terms

 微重力 (wēizhònglì) 無重力／无重力 (wúzhònglì) 重力波 (zhònglìbō) 重力相互作用 (zhònglì xiānghù zuòyòng)

## Japanese

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
じゅう
りょく
goon kan’on

### Etymology

Initially from Middle Chinese 重力 (MC ɖɨoŋX lɨk̚, literally “considerable; heavy + force, power”).

The gravity sense was a repurposing of the older term (the considerable strength sense) as a calque of Dutch zwaartekracht[1][2] to translate Dutch works as part of Rangaku studies.

### Noun

(じゅう)(りょく) (jūryokuぢゆうりよく (dyūryoku)?

1. (physics) gravity, gravitational force[5]
Synonym: () 引力 (inryoku)
• 2003 April 10, Amano, Kozue, “Navigation08 (ほし)(うた)(ごえ) [Navigation08 Chorus of the Planet]”, in ARIA(アリア) [ARIA], volume 2 (fiction), Tokyo: Mag Garden, →ISBN:
そう　(たしか)(つき)(じゅう)(りょく)地球(マンホーム)の⅙だったわよね　火星(アクア)(じゅう)(りょく)(ほん)(とう)地球(マンホーム)(やく)⅓の
Sō tashika Tsuki no jūryoku wa Manhōmu no roku-bun no ichi datta wa yo ne Akua no jūryoku wa hontō wa Manhōmu no yaku san-bun no ichi
So, if my memory serves, the Moon’s gravity is about ⅙ of Manhome’s. Aqua’s gravity, on the other hand, is roughly ⅓ of Manhome’s.
• 2006 April 9, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “()(ソウ)(レン)(キン)ピリオド [Armed Alchemy: The End]”, in ()(ソウ)(レン)(キン) [Armed Alchemy], volume 10, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
こちらからも()(むか)えに()かねばだが　(いま)(じょう)(たい)ではその(やり)でこの(ほし)(じゅう)(りょく)()(やぶ)るのも()()(のう)　そこでこれを使(つか)う　大戦斧(グレートアックス)()(ソウ)(レン)(キン)フェイタルアトラクション！(とく)(せい)は〝(じゅう)(りょく)(そう)()〟‼これでこの(ほし)(じゅう)(りょく)(いち)()(はん)(てん)させてお(まえ)()(ちゅう)()()げる
Kochira kara mo demukae ni ikaneba da ga ima no jōtai de wa sono yari de kono hoshi no jūryoku o tsukiyaburu no mo fukanō Soko de kore o tsukau Gurēto Akkusu no Busō Renkin Feitaru Atorakushon! Tokusei wa〝Jūryoku Sōsa〟‼ Kore de kono hoshi no jūryoku no ichibu o hanten sasete o-mae o uchū e uchiageru
You’ll have to get to them yourself. You won’t be able to escape the Moon’s gravity with this lance in your current condition, though. So we’ll use this. Great-Axe Armed Alchemy: Fatal Attraction! Special Ability: Gravity Control‼ With this, I can counteract part of the Moon’s gravity, enough to launch you into space.
2. (rare) considerable strength or power[2][6]

### Descendants

• Chinese: 重力
• Korean: 중력 (jungnyeok)
• Vietnamese: trọng lực

### References

1. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
2. 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
5. ^ 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
6. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

## Korean

Hanja in this term

### Noun

1. Hán tự form of 중력 (gravity).

## Vietnamese

Hán tự in this term

### Noun

1. Hán tự form of trọng lực ().