野火

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

 
field; plain; open space; limit; boundary; rude; wild
fire
simp. and trad.
(野火)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

野火

  1. wildfire
  2. farm fire (for clearing fields)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ひ > び
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(no, field) +‎ ‎(hi, fire).[1] The hi changes to bi due to rendaku (連濁).

An ancient variant seen in eastern Japan uses the dialectal reading nu for .[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

野火 ‎(hiragana のび, romaji nobi)

(alternative reading hiragana ぬび, romaji nubi) (obsolete)

  1. a controlled burn set in early spring to clear away brush from mountain fields
  2. a wildfire
Alternative forms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
Irregular

Compound of ‎(ho, fire) +‎ 退く ‎(soku, to push away, to make distant).[1]

The kun'yomi for is usually hi, but it can appear as ho or fu, particularly in older compounds.[1]

The soku changes to soke due to conjugation of the verb. Grammatically, the 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of soki was used for intransitive senses, and the stem form of soke was used for the transitive senses.[1]

The kanji 野火 are an example of jukujikun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

野火 ‎(hiragana ほそけ, romaji hosoke) (rare)

  1. a backburn: a controlled fire deliberately set in the path of a wildfire to create a firebreak by removing combustible material
Alternative forms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

The more common word for this is 向火,  ()かい () ‎(mukaibi).[1]

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 野火 ‎(X xwaX, literally open country + fire).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

野火 ‎(hiragana やか, romaji yaka, historical hiragana やくわ)

  1. a controlled burn set to clear away brush from fields
  2. a fire set in a field
  3. a wildfire
  4. a will o' the wisp
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9