金剛

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See also: 金刚

Chinese[edit]

metal; gold; money
 
hard; firm; strong; just; barely; exactly
trad. (金剛)
simp. (金刚)
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Pronunciation[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

金剛

  1. (~石) diamond
  2. (figuratively) object that is extremely hard and strong
  3. (Buddhism) vajra
  4. pupa of some insects
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Sino-Xenic (金剛):

Etymology 2[edit]

Phono-semantic matching of English King Kong.

Proper noun[edit]

金剛

  1. King Kong (a fictional giant ape)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: 1
ごう
Grade: S
goon kan’yōon

Etymology[edit]

/konɡau//konɡɔː//konɡoː/

From Middle Chinese 金剛 (MC kˠiɪm kɑŋ), itself a translation of Sanskrit वज्र (vajra, diamond, adamant; thunderbolt).[1][2][3][4][5]

Compare modern Cantonese 金剛 (gam1 gong1).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

金剛 (hiragana こんごう, rōmaji kongō, historical hiragana こんがう)

  1. an adamant (mythical rock thought to be of impenetrable hardness)
  2. (by extension) something extremely solid and indestructible
  3. (by extension) the firmness of one's own spirit and the strength of one's own spiritual power
  4. Short for 金剛石 (kongōseki): a diamond (mineral or gemstone)
  5. (Buddhism) Short for 金剛界 (kongōkai): the Diamond Realm in Vajrayana Buddhism
  6. (Buddhism) Short for 金剛杵 (kongōsho): a vajra (Buddhist double-headed ceremonial mace)
  7. (Buddhism) Short for 金剛力士 (kongō rikishi): a pair of vajra-wielding deities guarding most Buddhist temples
  8. (Buddhism) Short for 金剛童子 (kongō dōshi): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  9. Short for 金剛草履 (kongō zōri): a large zori made from straw or soft rush
  10. (by extension, theater) an actor or prostitute in charge of footwear, as he handles mostly kongō zōri

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

金剛 (hiragana こんごう, rōmaji Kongō, historical hiragana こんがう)

  1. Short for 金剛座 (Kongōza): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  2. (theater) Short for 金剛流 (Kongō-ryū): a leading school of noh
  3. (historical) a class of battlecruisers in the Imperial Japanese Navy built before World War I, see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Kongō-class battlecruiser on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
    Hyponyms: 霧島 (Kirishima), 榛名 (Haruna), 比叡 (Hiei)
  4. (historical) the lead ship of her class, which was rebuilt into a battleship in 1929, see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Japanese battleship Kongō on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  5. a placename
  6. a surname, especially used by masters of the Kongō-ryū
  7. a male or female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 金剛”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainiban, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  4. 4.0 4.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 金剛”, in ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., 2014

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

金剛

  1. Hán tự form of kim cương (diamond).