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See also:
U+9285, 銅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9285

[U+9284]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9286]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167, +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 金月一口 (CBMR), four-corner 87120, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1304, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1806, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4196, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9285

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Chemical element
Cu
Previous: (Ni)
Next: (Zn)
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
銅-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doːŋ): semantic  (metal) + phonetic  (OC *doːŋ).

Etymology[edit]

Since metals are typically associated with color, the word is probably related to (OC *l'uːŋ, “red”) (Schuessler, 2007).

The word "copper" occurs in some Southeast Asian languages with initial l- (Sagart, 1999). Examples include Zhuang luengz, Bouyei luangz and Bu-Nao Bunu loŋ², which are early loans from Chinese.

Tibetan དོང་ཙེ (dong tse, Chinese copper coin) was borrowed from Chinese 銅子.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tông - literary;
  • tâng - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /duŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /duŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /duŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dəwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /duŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /duŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱuŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    tóng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    tóng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ duwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[l]ˁoŋ/
    English bronze, copper

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12448
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*doːŋ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. copper (Cu)

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (どう) ()
    • Korean: (, dong)
    • Vietnamese: đồng (, copper; dong (Vietnamese currency))

    Others:

    • Khmer: ទង់ (tŭəng, bronze; red copper; alloy of copper and gold), ថង (thɑɑng, gold), ទង (tɔɔng, gold)
    • Lao: ທອງ (thǭng, copper; gold; metal)
    • Thai: ทอง (tɔɔng, gold)
    • Zhuang: doengz (copper; brass)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Chemical element
    Cu
    Previous: ニッケル (nikkeru) (Ni)
    Next: ()(えん) (aen) (Zn)
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    どう
    Grade: 5
    kan’yōon

    From Middle Chinese (duwng, copper).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (どう) (

    1. copper, Cu

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あかがね
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    Compound of (aka, red) +‎ (kane, metal). The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (あかがね) (akagane

    1. copper, Cu

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あか
    Grade: 5
    Irregular

    Abbreviation of akagane.[1]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (あか) (aka

    1. copper, Cu

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune–Reischauer tong, Yale tong)

    1. Hanja form? of (copper).
    2. Hanja form? of (Vietnamese dong).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đồng, đòng)

    1. Hán tự form of đồng (copper).