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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 金月一口 (CBMR), four-corner 87120, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1304, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1806, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4196, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9285

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Cantonese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia yue

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
銅-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(metal) + phonetic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋ/ /dʱuŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/ /dəwŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tóng ‹ duwng › /*[l]ˤoŋ/ bronze, copper

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12448 0 /*doːŋ/

Noun[edit]

  1. copper, Cu
  2. brass
  3. bronze cuprum

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Chemical element
Cu Previous: ニッケル ‎(nikkeru) (Ni)
Next:  () (えん) ‎(aen) (Zn)
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
どう
Grade: 5
kan'yōon

From Middle Chinese ‎(duwng, copper).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana どう, romaji )

  1. copper, Cu

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あかがね
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Compound of ‎(aka, red) +‎ ‎(kane, metal). The kane changes to gane due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あかがね, romaji akagane)

  1. copper, Cu

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
あか
Grade: 5
Irregular

Abbreviation of akagane.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あか, romaji aka)

  1. copper, Cu

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune-Reischauer tong, Yale tong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đồng, đòng)

  1. Hán tự form of đồng, "copper"