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U+9285, 銅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9285

[U+9284]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9286]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 167 +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 金月一口 (CBMR), four-corner 87120, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1304, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40361
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1806, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4196, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+9285

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
Wikipedia has articles on:
(Written Standard Chinese?)
(Cantonese)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
銅-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*duʔ, *doŋʔ
*tʰoːŋ, *tʰoːŋʔ, *doːŋ
*tʰoːŋ, *doːŋs
*tʰoːŋ
*doːŋ
*zlon, *doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ, *doːŋʔ
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *doːŋʔ
*doːŋ, *doːŋʔ
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *doːŋʔ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋ
*doːŋ, *doːŋs
*doːŋʔ
*doːŋʔ, *doːŋs
*doːŋs
*doːŋs
*doːŋs
*doːŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doːŋ): semantic (metal) + phonetic (OC *doːŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • tông - literary;
  • tâng - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/duŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/duŋ/
Wang
Li
/duŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ duwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˤoŋ/
English bronze, copper

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12448
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doːŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. copper (Cu)
  2. brass
  3. bronze cuprum

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • → Khmer: ទង់(tông, bronze; red copper; alloy of copper and gold), ថង(thâng, gold), ទង(tông, gold)
  • → Lao: ທອງ(thǭng, copper; gold; metal)
  • → Thai: ทอง(tɔɔng, gold)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Chemical element
Cu Previous: ニッケル(nikkeru) (Ni)
Next:  () (えん)(aen) (Zn)
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Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
どう
Grade: 5
kan'yōon

From Middle Chinese (duwng, copper).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana どう, romaji )

  1. copper, Cu

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
あかがね
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Compound of (aka, red) +‎ (kane, metal). The kane changes to gane as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あかがね, romaji akagane)

  1. copper, Cu

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
あか
Grade: 5
Irregular

Abbreviation of akagane.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana あか, romaji aka)

  1. copper, Cu

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune-Reischauer tong, Yale tong)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đồng, đòng)

  1. Hán tự form of đồng, “copper”