鏡花水月

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See also: 镜花水月

Chinese[edit]

mirror; lens
 
flower; blossom; to spend; fancy pattern
water; river moon; month
trad. (鏡花水月)
simp. (镜花水月)
Literally: “flower in the mirror, moon on the water”.

Etymology[edit]

崢嶸棟梁水月鏡像無心去來 [MSC, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
峥嵘栋梁水月镜像无心去来 [MSC, simp.]
From: Tang dynasty, Pei Xiu (裴休), 《唐故左街僧錄內供奉三教談論引駕大德安國寺上座賜紫方袍大達法師元秘塔碑銘》(並序)
Zhēngróng dòngliáng, yī dàn ér cuī. Shuǐyuè jìngxiàng, wúxīn qùlái. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)
阿彌陀佛鏡花水月 [MSC, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
阿弥陀佛镜花水月 [MSC, simp.]
From: Qing dynasty, Qian Cai (錢彩), Jin Feng (金豐), 《說岳全傳》
Ēmítuófó, wéi rén zài shì, yuán shì jìnghuāshuǐyuè. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)
鏡花水月消遣何必名賢勝地 [MSC, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
镜花水月消遣何必名贤胜地 [MSC, simp.]
From: Qing dynasty, Hua Guangsheng (華廣生), 《白雪遺音》
Jìnghuāshuǐyuè xián xiāoqiǎn, hébì míngxián shèngdì féng. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)

Pronunciation[edit]


Idiom[edit]

鏡花水月

  1. (literally) flowers reflected on a mirror and the moon reflected in the water
  2. (figuratively) fantasy, illusion, mere shadow, phantom, vision, something that is visible but having no substance
  3. (figuratively) the subtle and profound beauty of poems that should not be comprehended by words literally

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Grade: 4

Grade: 1
すい
Grade: 1
げつ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Chinese 鏡花水月 above. See Etymology in Chinese section.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

鏡花水月 (hiragana きょうかすいげつ, rōmaji kyōka suigetsu, historical hiragana きやうくわすいげつ)

  1. flowers reflected on a mirror and the moon reflected on the water's surface
  2. (by extension, idiomatic) something that is visible but having no substance; illusion, mere shadow, phantom, vision
  3. the subtle and profound beauty of poems that cannot be described in words

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN