長い

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
なが
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Old Japanese. First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.[1] From Proto-Japonic *nanka.

Possibly cognate with 流れる (nagareru, to flow, intransitive), and 流す (nagasu, to flow, transitive), in reference to extending.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of inflected forms of "長い"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Continuative (連用形) 長く がく
[náꜜgàkù]
[nàgáꜜkù]
Terminal (終止形) 長い [nàgáꜜì]
Attributive (連体形) 長い [nàgáꜜì]
Key constructions
Informal negative 長くない がくない
くない
[náꜜgàkùnàì]
[nàgáꜜkùnàì]
Informal past 長かった がかった
かった
[náꜜgàkàttà]
[nàgáꜜkàttà]
Informal negative past 長くなかった がくなかった
くなかった
[náꜜgàkùnàkàttà]
[nàgáꜜkùnàkàttà]
Formal 長いです いです [nàgáꜜìdèsù]
Conjunctive 長くて がくて
くて
[náꜜgàkùtè]
[nàgáꜜkùtè]
Conditional 長ければ がければ
ければ
[náꜜgàkèrèbà]
[nàgáꜜkèrèbà]

Adjective[edit]

(なが) (nagai-i (adverbial (なが) (nagaku))

  1. long
    Antonym: 短い (mijikai)
    (なが)ファイル(めい)
    nagai fairumei
    a long filename
    (なが)(いと)
    nagai ito
    a long string
  2. 永い: (time) long, lengthy
    (なが)(あいだ)
    nagai aida
    a long interval
    トイレ(なが)よ。
    Toire nagai yo.
    You're taking forever on the toilet.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 長・永”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN