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U+9582, 閂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9582

[U+9581]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9583]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +1, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日弓一 (ANM), four-corner 77107, composition)

  1. bolt
  2. latch
  3. crossbar

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1330, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41211
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1834, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4282, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9582

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • soan - literary;
  • chhòaⁿ - vernacular (俗).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂuan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂuan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /suan²¹/
Jinan /ʂuã²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂuã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂuan²⁴/
Xi'an /fã⁴⁴/
Xining /fã²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂuan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /fɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂuan⁴⁴/
/fan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /suan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /suan¹³/
Guiyang /suan²¹³/
Kunming /ʂuã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʂuæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /suæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /suɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /suæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /sø⁵³/
Suzhou /sø⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷõ³³/
Wenzhou /sø³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕye³¹/
Tunxi /suːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕyan³³/
Xiangtan /sɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /sɵn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰon⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰon²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /san⁵³/
Nanning /san⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /san⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /suan⁵⁵/
/sŋ̍⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /souŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰuã²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suaŋ³³/

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11931
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
𣠯
Old
Chinese
/*sqʰroːn/
Notes 𣟴

Definitions[edit]

  1. bolt, latch, crossbar
  2. (Cantonese) to close

Japanese[edit]

閂(kannuki)

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. gate bar

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かんぬき
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

/kwan.no.ki//kwan.ɡi//kwan.nuki//kan.nuki/

Probably from 貫の木 (​pierced wood), or 関木 (​wooden barrier), the latter is attested in the Uji Shūi Monogatari (13th cent.). Both evolved into kannuki.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かんぬき, rōmaji kannuki, historical hiragana くわんぬき)

  1. latch, door bolt, locking bar