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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 169 +4, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日弓木 (AND), four-corner 77904, composition)

  1. fence, barrier
  2. defend
  3. idle time

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1332, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41247
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1837, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4287, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+9591

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (閑), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 山
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸閒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛn/ /ɣăn/ /ɣɛn/ /ɦɯæn/ /ɦəɨn/ /ɣæn/ /ɣæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xián ‹ hɛn › /*N-kˤre[n]/ idle
xián ‹ hɛn › /*[ɡ]ˤra[n]/ great; large-minded
xián ‹ hɛn › /*[ɡ]ˤra[n]/ well-trained
xián ‹ hɛn › /*[ɡ]ˤra[n]/ bar, barrier

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13531 2 /*ɡreːn/

Definitions[edit]

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(han) (hangeul , revised han, McCune-Reischauer han, Yale han)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhàn, hèn)

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