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|prefix to names of people||pointy (nose)||diminutive suffix|
|simp. and trad.
Refers (by synecdoche) to the typical pointy nose of Westerners.
Several etymologies have been proposed for tok:
- 噣, 啄: “beak; to peck with a beak” > “beak-like; pointy”. Compare English beak.
- 斲: 《台灣話大詞典》 proposes that the word is related to a story in Zhuangzi (“Ghostless Xu”, c. 370 to 301 BCE):
- 卓: “outstanding; tall”
- 斗: 《台語正字》 (張清波) cites Shiji: 成山斗入海. He claims that 斗 means “to protrude” > “pointy”. However, 斗 is more likely equivalent to 陡 (“steep; precipitous”).
- (Xiamen and Taiwanese Hokkien, Taiwanese Hakka, slang, derogatory, ethnic slur) westerner; Caucasian; roundeye (Classifier: 個／个)
- 有一e5歐巴桑去美國chit4-tho5，欲去便所e5時，因為m7捌字，煞行入去查甫e0彼間，無外久，一e5阿督仔行入去，隨擱闖出來，一直喝講：「I am sorry，I am sorry。」尾a0，彼e5阿婆仔行出來氣chua3chua3講：「夭壽哦！一e5阿督仔真無禮貌，行入來人e5便所，也擱怪人門「抑m7鎖咧！」 [Taiwanese, trad.]
- From: 曹麗華 (ed.), 笑詼一則 抑m7鎖咧
- Ū chi̍t ê o͘-bá-sáng khì Bí-kok chhit-thô, beh khì piān-só͘ ê sî, in-ūi m̄ bat-jī, soah kiâⁿ ji̍p-khì cha-po͘ ê hit keng, bô-gōa-kú, chi̍t ê a-tok-á kiâⁿ ji̍p-khì, sûi koh chhoàng chhut-lâi, it-ti̍t hoah kóng: “I am sorry, I am sorry.” Bóe--á, hit-ê a-pô-á kiâⁿ chhut-lâi khì-chhòa-chhòa kóng: “Iáu-siū ô͘! Chi̍t ê a-tok-á chin bô lé-māu, kiâⁿ ji̍p-lâi lâng ê piān-só͘, iá-koh koài lâng mn̂g “a̍h m̄ só--leh!” [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
- There was an old granny who went to America on vacation. When it came time for her to go to the restroom, because she was illiterate, she ended up going into the men's room. Before long, a roundeye walked in, then quickly rushed out as he kept yelling, "I am sorry, I am sorry." Finally, the old lady came out, angrily saying, "Screw him! The roundeye is very rude. He barged into my bathroom, but he still blamed me, saying the door 'wasn't locked!' (a̍h m̄ só--leh, which sounds like "I am sorry")"
有一e5欧巴桑去美国chit4-tho5，欲去便所e5时，因为m7捌字，煞行入去查甫e0彼间，无外久，一e5阿督仔行入去，随搁闯出来，一直喝讲：“I am sorry，I am sorry。”尾a0，彼e5阿婆仔行出来气chua3chua3讲：“夭寿哦！一e5阿督仔真无礼貌，行入来人e5便所，也搁怪人门“抑m7锁咧！” [Taiwanese, simp.]
- Usually used in reference to westerners. Like most such ethnic terms, the word is either insulting or neutral depending on who says it, and in what context.
- 劉建仁 (2011-03-18), “阿督仔（a-tɔk-aˋ）──老外、洋人、老美”, in 台灣話的語源與理據 (in Chinese), retrieved 2016-10-27