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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljemʔ): semantic  + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 170 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 弓中大人人 (NLKOO), four-corner 74238, composition)

  1. mountain pass
  2. Shaanxi province

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1351, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41657
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1853, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4130, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+965D

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂan²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʂan²¹³/
Tianjin /ʂan¹³/
/san¹³/
Jinan /ʂã⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ʃã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂan⁵³/
Xi'an /ʂã⁵³/
Xining /ʂã⁵³/
Yinchuan /ʂan⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ʂan⁵¹/
Wuhan /san⁴²/
Chengdu /san⁵³/
Guiyang /san⁴²/
Kunming /ʂã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /ʂaŋ²¹²/
Hefei /ʂæ̃²⁴/
/ʂən²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /ʂɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /sæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /sø³⁵/
Suzhou /sø⁵¹/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷõ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ɕi³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕie³⁵/
Tunxi /sɔ³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʂə̃⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɕyẽ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /sɛn²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /sam³¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /sim³⁵/
Nanning /sim³⁵/
Hong Kong /sim³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siam⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /siŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /siam⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tiam²¹³/
/hiap̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (153)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiamX/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛmX/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shǎn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11074
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljemʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seom)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seom, McCune-Reischauer: sŏm, Yale: sem)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiểm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.