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U+96C0, 雀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C0

[U+96BF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 172, +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火人土 (FOG), four-corner 90214, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1364, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1868, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4091, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+96C0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
雀-oracle.svg 雀-bronze.svg 雀-silk.svg 雀-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (small) +  (bird) – a small bird, a sparrow.

In the current form, the upper part looks like , but what looks like the bottom stroke of is actually the upper left stroke of , extended.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiok/chhiak/chiok - literary;
  • chiah/chehⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 雀盲);
  • chioh, chhek - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: ciag4 / ziah4 / ziaoh4 / ziouh4
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tshiak / tsiah / tsiauh / tsiouh
    • Sinological IPA (key): /t͡sʰiak̚²/, /t͡siaʔ²/, /t͡siauʔ²/, /t͡siouʔ²/
Note:
  • ciag4 - literary;
  • ziah4 - vernacular;
  • ziaoh4/ziouh4 - dialectal (e.g. 雀盲) (ziouh4 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵¹/
    /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰiau²¹³/
    /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰyə²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰyə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sʰyo²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
    /t͡ɕʰye¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyə¹³/
    /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰyɤ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰio²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰio²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰio³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰyɐʔ⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰiɯ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/ 麻~
    /t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/ ~兒
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiaʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰiɑʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰa²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡siun²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰio²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰio²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡siok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡siok̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœk̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰœk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔk̚³²/
    /t͡siaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siauʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /siɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (107)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡siɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡si̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jue
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    què
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsjak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ewk/
    English sparrow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10745
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsewɢ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sparrow
    2. (Cantonese) bird (Classifier: c)
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zoek3 dau3 [Jyutping]  ―  bird nest

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. sparrow

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    すずめ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Etymology 1[edit]

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (すずめ) (suzume

    1. a Eurasian tree sparrow
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Shortened from 麻雀

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (ジャン) (jan

    1. mahjong[3] (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ “Kanji Dictionary Publishing Society - Kanji Dictionary for Japanese Learners”, in kanji.org[1], 2013, retrieved 2018-10-9

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jak) (hangeul , revised jak, McCune–Reischauer chak, Yale cak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tước)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.