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U+96C0, 雀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C0

[U+96BF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 172 +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火人土 (FOG), four-corner 90214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1364, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1868, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4091, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+96C0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
雀-oracle.svg 雀-bronze.svg 雀-silk.svg 雀-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (small) +  (bird) – a small bird, a sparrow.

In the current form, the upper part looks like , but what looks like the bottom stroke of is actually the upper left stroke of , extended.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiok/chhiak/chiok - literary;
  • chiah/chehⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 雀盲);
  • chioh, chhek - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵¹/
    /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰiau²¹³/
    /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰyə²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰyə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sʰyo²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
    /t͡ɕʰye¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyə¹³/
    /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰyɤ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰio²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰio²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰio³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰyɐʔ⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰiɯ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/ 麻~
    /t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/ ~兒
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiaʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰiɑʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰa²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡siun²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰio²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰio²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡siok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡siok̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœk̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰœk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔk̚³²/
    /t͡siaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siauʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /siɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (107)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡siɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡si̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jue
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    què
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsjak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ewk/
    English sparrow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10745
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsewɢ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sparrow
    2. (Cantonese) bird
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zoek3 dau3 [Jyutping]  ―  bird nest

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 麻雀 (“sparrow”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麻雀
    Taxonomic name 麻雀
    Mandarin Beijing 家雀兒老家賊老家子
    Taiwan 麻雀
    Harbin 家雀兒老家賊家賊
    Shenyang 家雀兒
    Jinan 家雀兒家雀子家雀
    Muping 家雀兒雀兒
    Luoyang 小蟲兒
    Jiedian 飛蟲
    Xi'an 雀兒麻雀兒
    Xuzhou 小老雀兒老雀兒
    Yinchuan 麻雀子
    Lanzhou 雀兒
    Ürümqi 麻雀子乾頭麻雀子
    Wuhan 麻雀
    Chengdu 麻雀家麻雀麻雀子
    Guiyang 麻雀瓦雀
    Liuzhou 麻雀麻雀鳥
    Kunming 小雀穀雀
    Yangzhou 麻雀子麻雀
    Nanjing 麻雀
    Hefei 麻䨂子麻雀子
    Nantong 麻雀兒
    Cantonese Guangzhou 麻雀
    Hong Kong 麻雀
    Dongguan 麻雀麻鷝 Qishi
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 麻雀
    Taishan 麻雀禾雀
    Yangjiang 麻雀仔
    Gan Nanchang 奸雀子奸雀麻雀子麻雀
    Lichuan 禾接
    Pingxiang 麻雀麻雀鳥仔
    Hakka Meixian 禾鷝仔
    Xingning 禾鷝哩
    Huidong 禾鷝仔
    Qujiang 禾鷝子
    Xiaosanjiang 禾鷝仔
    Changting 禾鷝子
    Pingyu 禾鷝子
    Wuping 禾鷝子
    Liancheng 禾雀鳥
    Ninghua 禾鷝子
    Yudu 麻鳥子
    Ruijin 禾鷝子
    Shicheng 禾雀
    Shangyou 麻鳥子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 屋簷鳥屋角鳥
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 禾鷝仔屋簷鳥屋角鳥
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 屋簷鳥
    Dongshi (Dabu) 瓦雀
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 屋簷鳥
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 必子鳥屋簷鳥屋角鳥
    Hong Kong 禾鷝仔
    Huizhou Jixi 麻雀
    Jin Taiyuan 雀兒家雀兒麻雀
    Xinzhou 飛鳥兒小雀兒
    Min Bei Jian'ou 毛隻仔隻仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 隻隻隻囝 suburban
    Fuqing 隻囝
    Min Nan Xiamen 粟鳥仔
    Quanzhou 粟鳥仔
    Zhangzhou 粟鳥仔厝頭雀仔
    Taipei 粟鳥仔
    Kaohsiung 厝角鳥仔
    Tainan 厝角鳥厝角鳥仔
    Taichung 厝鳥仔
    Wuqi 粟鳥仔
    Hsinchu 粟鳥仔厝鳥仔
    Taitung 厝鳥仔
    Lukang 粟鳥仔
    Sanxia 粟鳥
    Yilan 粟鳥仔
    Kinmen 杙鳥仔
    Magong 厝角鳥厝鳥
    Penang 粟仔鳥麻雀鳥
    Singapore 粟仔鳥
    Chaozhou 麻雀
    Haikou 鳥暝
    Leizhou 鳥暝
    Pinghua Nanning 偷飯雀麻鷝雀
    Wu Shanghai 麻雀麻將 dated麻鳥 dated
    Suzhou 麻雀
    Hangzhou 麻雀兒雀兒
    Wenzhou 雀兒吃穀雀兒
    Chongming 麻將
    Danyang 麻雀麻雀雀
    Jinhua 麻雀麻雀兒
    Ningbo 麻雀
    Xiang Changsha 麻雀子麻雀
    Shuangfeng 麻賊子
    Loudi 麻雀子
    Dialectal synonyms of (“bird”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing 鳥兒
    Taiwan
    Harbin 鳥兒
    Jinan 鳥兒
    Jiedian 蟲蟻兒
    Xuzhou 鳥兒
    Yinchuan 鳥鳥子
    Ürümqi 雀娃子
    Wuhan 雀子
    Chengdu 雀雀雀兒鳥兒
    Guiyang
    Liuzhou 鳥崽
    Nanjing
    Cantonese Guangzhou 雀仔
    Hong Kong 雀仔
    Dongguan 雀仔鷝仔
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 雀仔
    Taishan 雀仔
    Gan Lichuan 鳥兒
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian 鳥仔
    Yudu 鳥子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鳥仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 鳥仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 鳥仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 鳥仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 鳥仔
    Jin Taiyuan 鳥兒
    Min Bei Jian'ou 隻仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Matsu 鳥囝
    Min Nan Xiamen 鳥仔
    Quanzhou 鳥仔
    Zhangzhou 鳥仔
    Taipei 鳥仔
    Kaohsiung 鳥仔
    Tainan 鳥仔
    Taichung 鳥仔
    Wuqi 鳥仔
    Hsinchu 鳥仔
    Taitung 鳥仔
    Lukang 鳥仔
    Yilan 鳥仔
    Magong
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou 鳥兒
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang 雀子
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Loudi 鳥唧

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. sparrow

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    すずめ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana すずめ, katakana スズメ, rōmaji suzume)

    1. a Eurasian tree sparrow

    Synonyms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jak) (hangeul , revised jak, McCune-Reischauer chak, Yale cak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tước)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.