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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(small) +  ‎(bird) – a small bird, a sparrow. Note that the upper part looks like , but what looks like the bottom of 少 is actually the upper left stroke of 隹, extended.

Han character[edit]

(radical 172 +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火人土 (FOG), four-corner 90214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1364, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1868, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4091, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+96C0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵¹/
/t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiau²¹³/
/t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰyə²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰyə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰyo²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
/t͡ɕʰye¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyə¹³/
/t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰyɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰio²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰio²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰio³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyɐʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/ 麻~
/t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/ ~兒
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡siun²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰio²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡siok̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡siok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœk̚³/
Nanning /t͡sʰœk̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔk̚³²/
/t͡siaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siauʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siak̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jue
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
què
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ewk/
English sparrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10745
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsewɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sparrow
  2. (Cantonese) bird
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zoek3 dau3 [Jyutping]  ―  bird nest

See also[edit]

  • (Mandarin) (niǎo)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. sparrow

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
すずめ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology Scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana すずめ, katakana スズメ, romaji suzume)

  1. tree sparrow

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jak) (hangeul , revised jak, McCune-Reischauer chak, Yale cak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tước)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.