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U+96C0, 雀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C0

[U+96BF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 172 +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火人土 (FOG), four-corner 90214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1364, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1868, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4091, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+96C0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Small seal script
雀-oracle.svg 雀-bronze.svg 雀-silk.svg 雀-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (small) +  (bird) – a small bird, a sparrow.

In the current form, the upper part looks like , but what looks like the bottom stroke of is actually the upper left stroke of , extended.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiok/chhiak/chiok - literary;
  • chiah/chehⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 雀盲);
  • chioh, chhek - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵¹/
/t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰiau²¹³/
/t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰyə²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡sʰyə⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰyo²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/
Xining /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
/t͡ɕʰye¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyə¹³/
/t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰyɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰio²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰio²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰio³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyɐʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰiɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/ 麻~
/t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/ ~兒
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiɑʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰa²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡siun²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰio²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰio²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡siok̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡siok̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœk̚³/
Nanning /t͡sʰœk̚³³/
Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔk̚³²/
/t͡siaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siauʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (107)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨɐk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɐk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨak̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siak̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭak̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ak̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jue
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
què
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ewk/
English sparrow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10745
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsewɢ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. sparrow
  2. (Cantonese) bird
    / [Cantonese]  ―  zoek3 dau3 [Jyutping]  ―  bird nest

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 麻雀 (“sparrow”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麻雀
Taxonomic name 麻雀
Mandarin Beijing 家雀兒老家賊老家子
Taiwan 麻雀
Harbin 家雀兒老家賊家賊
Shenyang 家雀兒
Jinan 家雀兒家雀子家雀
Muping 家雀兒雀兒
Luoyang 小蟲兒
Jiedian 飛蟲
Xi'an 雀兒麻雀兒
Xuzhou 小老雀兒老雀兒
Yinchuan 麻雀子
Lanzhou 雀兒
Ürümqi 麻雀子乾頭麻雀子
Wuhan 麻雀
Chengdu 麻雀家麻雀麻雀子
Guiyang 麻雀瓦雀
Liuzhou 麻雀麻雀鳥
Kunming 小雀穀雀
Yangzhou 麻雀子麻雀
Nanjing 麻雀
Hefei 麻䨂子麻雀子
Nantong 麻雀兒
Cantonese Guangzhou 麻雀
Hong Kong 麻雀
Dongguan 麻雀麻鷝 Qishi
Hong Kong (Weitou) 麻雀
Taishan 麻雀禾雀
Yangjiang 麻雀仔
Gan Nanchang 奸雀子奸雀麻雀子麻雀
Lichuan 禾接
Pingxiang 麻雀麻雀鳥仔
Hakka Meixian 禾鷝仔
Xingning 禾鷝哩
Huidong 禾鷝仔
Qujiang 禾鷝子
Xiaosanjiang 禾鷝仔
Changting 禾鷝子
Pingyu 禾鷝子
Wuping 禾鷝子
Liancheng 禾雀鳥
Ninghua 禾鷝子
Yudu 麻鳥子
Ruijin 禾鷝子
Shicheng 禾雀
Shangyou 麻鳥子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 屋簷鳥屋角鳥
Liudui (S. Sixian) 禾鷝仔屋簷鳥屋角鳥
Hsinchu (Hailu) 屋簷鳥
Dongshi (Dabu) 瓦雀
Zhuolan (Raoping) 屋簷鳥
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 必子鳥屋簷鳥屋角鳥
Hong Kong 禾鷝仔
Huizhou Jixi 麻雀
Jin Taiyuan 雀兒家雀兒麻雀
Xinzhou 飛鳥兒小雀兒
Min Bei Jian'ou 毛隻仔隻仔
Min Dong Fuzhou 隻隻隻囝 suburban
Fuqing 隻囝
Min Nan Xiamen 粟鳥仔
Quanzhou 粟鳥仔
Zhangzhou 粟鳥仔厝頭雀仔
Taipei 粟鳥仔
Kaohsiung 厝角鳥仔
Tainan 厝角鳥厝角鳥仔
Taichung 厝鳥仔
Wuqi 粟鳥仔
Hsinchu 粟鳥仔厝鳥仔
Taitung 厝鳥仔
Lukang 粟鳥仔
Sanxia 粟鳥
Yilan 粟鳥仔
Kinmen 杙鳥仔
Magong 厝角鳥厝鳥
Penang 粟仔鳥麻雀鳥
Singapore 粟仔鳥
Chaozhou 麻雀
Haikou 鳥暝
Leizhou 鳥暝
Pinghua Nanning 偷飯雀麻鷝雀
Wu Shanghai 麻雀麻將 dated麻鳥 dated
Suzhou 麻雀
Hangzhou 麻雀兒雀兒
Wenzhou 雀兒吃穀雀兒
Chongming 麻將
Danyang 麻雀麻雀雀
Jinhua 麻雀麻雀兒
Ningbo 麻雀
Xiang Changsha 麻雀子麻雀
Shuangfeng 麻賊子
Loudi 麻雀子
Dialectal synonyms of (“bird”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 鳥兒
Taiwan
Harbin 鳥兒
Jinan 鳥兒
Jiedian 蟲蟻兒
Xuzhou 鳥兒
Yinchuan 鳥鳥子
Ürümqi 雀娃子
Wuhan 雀子
Chengdu 雀雀雀兒鳥兒
Guiyang
Liuzhou 鳥崽
Nanjing
Cantonese Guangzhou 雀仔
Hong Kong 雀仔
Dongguan 雀仔鷝仔
Hong Kong (Weitou) 雀仔
Taishan 雀仔
Gan Lichuan 鳥兒
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian 鳥仔
Yudu 鳥子
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鳥仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 鳥仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 鳥仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 鳥仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 鳥仔
Jin Taiyuan 鳥兒
Min Bei Jian'ou 隻仔
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu 鳥囝
Min Nan Xiamen 鳥仔
Quanzhou 鳥仔
Zhangzhou 鳥仔
Taipei 鳥仔
Kaohsiung 鳥仔
Tainan 鳥仔
Taichung 鳥仔
Wuqi 鳥仔
Hsinchu 鳥仔
Taitung 鳥仔
Lukang 鳥仔
Yilan 鳥仔
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Hangzhou 鳥兒
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang 雀子
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Loudi 鳥唧

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. sparrow

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
すずめ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana すずめ, katakana スズメ, rōmaji suzume)

  1. a Eurasian tree sparrow

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jak) (hangeul , revised jak, McCune-Reischauer chak, Yale cak)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tước)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.