Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+96C0, 雀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96C0

[U+96BF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96C1]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 172, +3, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火人土 (FOG), four-corner 90214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1364, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41954
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1868, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4091, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+96C0

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
雀-oracle.svg 雀-bronze.svg 雀-silk.svg 雀-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (small) +  (bird) – a small bird, a sparrow.

In the current form, the upper part looks like , but what looks like the bottom stroke of is actually the upper left stroke of , extended.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chhiok/chhiak/chiok - literary;
  • chiah/chehⁿ - vernacular (limited, e.g. 雀盲);
  • chioh, chhek - vernacular.
  • (Teochew)
    • Peng'im: ciag4 / ziah4 / ziaoh4 / ziouh4
    • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: tshiak / tsiah / tsiauh / tsiouh
    • IPA (key): /t͡sʰiak̚²/, /t͡siaʔ²/, /t͡siauʔ²/, /t͡siouʔ²/
Note:
  • ciag4 - literary;
  • ziah4 - vernacular;
  • ziaoh4/ziouh4 - dialectal (e.g. 雀盲) (ziouh4 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵¹/
    /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹⁴/
    Harbin /t͡ɕʰiau²¹³/
    /t͡ɕʰyɛ⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕʰiɑu²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕʰyə²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡sʰyə⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡sʰyo²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/
    Xining /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
    /t͡ɕʰye¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰyə¹³/
    /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰyɤ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕʰio²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕʰio²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕʰio³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰoʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕʰyɐʔ⁵/
    /t͡ɕʰiɯ²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/ 麻~
    /t͡ɕʰiau⁵³/ ~兒
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiɔ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiaʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰiɑʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiɑʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰa²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiɔʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡siun²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰio²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰio²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiɔʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡siok̚¹/
    Taoyuan /t͡siok̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sœk̚³/
    Nanning /t͡sʰœk̚³³/
    Hong Kong /t͡sœk̚³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiɔk̚³²/
    /t͡siaʔ³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuɔʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiɔ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡siauʔ²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /siɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (13)
    Final () (107)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡siɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡siɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡siak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡si̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jue
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    què
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsjak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ewk/
    English sparrow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10745
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔsewɢ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sparrow
    2. (Cantonese) bird
      / [Cantonese]  ―  zoek3 dau3 [Jyutping]  ―  bird nest

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 麻雀 (“sparrow”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麻雀
    Taxonomic name 麻雀
    Mandarin Beijing 家雀兒, 老家賊, 老家子
    Taiwan 麻雀
    Tianjin 家雀兒, 老家賊
    Harbin 家雀兒, 老家賊, 家賊
    Shenyang 家雀兒
    Hailar 家雀, 家賊
    Ulan Hot 家雀兒, 家賊
    Tongliao 家雀兒, 家賊
    Chifeng 老家子
    Jinan 家雀兒, 家雀子, 家雀
    Muping 家雀兒, 雀兒
    Luoyang 小蟲兒
    Jiedian 飛蟲
    Xi'an 雀兒, 麻雀兒
    Qingdao 家雀
    Zhengzhou 小蟲兒
    Xuzhou 小老雀兒, 老雀兒
    Yinchuan 麻雀子
    Lanzhou 雀兒
    Ürümqi 麻雀子, 乾頭麻雀子
    Wuhan 麻雀
    Huanggang 麻雀兒
    Chengdu 麻雀, 家麻雀, 麻雀子
    Guiyang 麻雀, 瓦雀
    Liuzhou 麻雀, 麻雀鳥
    Kunming 小雀, 穀雀
    Yangzhou 麻雀子, 麻雀
    Nanjing 麻雀
    Hefei 麻䨂子, 麻雀子
    Nantong 麻雀兒
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 麻雀子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 麻雀, 禾花雀
    Hong Kong 麻雀
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 麻雀
    Foshan 禾雀
    Shunde 禾花雀
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 禾丫雀
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 禾花雀
    Doumen 禾雀
    Taishan 禾雀, 麻雀
    Kaiping (Chikan) 禾雀
    Dongguan 麻雀, 麻鷝 Qishi
    Shaoguan 麻雀
    Yunfu 麻雀
    Yangjiang 麻雀仔
    Xinyi 麻雀
    Lianjiang 麻雀仔
    Kuala Lumpur 麻雀仔
    Ho Chi Minh City 麻雀
    Gan Nanchang 奸雀子, 奸雀, 麻雀子, 麻雀
    Lichuan 禾接
    Pingxiang 麻雀, 麻雀鳥仔
    Hakka Meixian 禾鷝仔
    Xingning 禾鷝哩
    Huidong 禾鷝仔
    Qujiang 禾鷝子
    Xiaosanjiang 禾鷝仔
    Changting 禾鷝子
    Pingyu 禾鷝子
    Wuping 禾鷝子
    Liancheng 禾雀鳥
    Ninghua 禾鷝子
    Yudu 麻鳥子
    Ruijin 禾鷝子, 麻鳥子
    Shicheng 禾雀, 禾雀子
    Shangyou 麻鳥子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 屋檐鳥, 屋角鳥
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 禾鷝仔, 屋檐鳥
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 屋檐鳥
    Dongshi (Dabu) 瓦雀
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 屋檐鳥
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 必子鳥, 屋檐鳥, 屋角鳥
    Hong Kong 禾鷝仔
    Sabah (Longchuan) 麻雀
    Senai 麻雀
    Huizhou Jixi 麻雀
    Shexian 麻雀
    Tunxi 麻雀兒
    Xiuning 米𪇹兒
    Yixian 米雀兒
    Qimen 麻雀兒
    Wuyuan 童梁, 童梁鳥, 麻雀
    Fuliang 麻雀, 麻鳥哩
    Dexing 麻雀鳥
    Jin Taiyuan 雀兒, 家雀兒, 麻雀
    Pingyao 雀兒, 土雀兒, 老家雀
    Xinzhou 飛鳥兒, 小雀兒
    Hohhot 麻雀, 老家子
    Dongsheng 老家子
    Linhe 老家子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 毛隻仔, 隻仔
    Dikou 黃鷝仔
    Songxi 雀鳥仔
    Zhenghe 隻鳥仔
    Zhenqian 雀鳥
    Jianyang 隻仔
    Wuyishan 禾隻仔
    Shibei 禾味仔, 隻仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 隻隻, 隻囝 suburban
    Changle 隻隻
    Fuqing 隻囝
    Yongtai 隻囝
    Gutian 隻鳥
    Fu'an 王鴓
    Ningde 粟鳥
    Shouning 鸕鴓
    Zhouning 隻囝
    Fuding 麻鳥
    Matsu 隻隻
    Min Nan Xiamen 粟鳥仔
    Quanzhou 粟鳥仔
    Jinjiang 粟鳥, 雀仔
    Hui'an 雀仔
    Yongchun 粟鳥
    Zhangzhou 粟鳥仔, 厝頭雀仔
    Longhai 厝頭雀仔
    Changtai 粟鳥仔
    Zhangpu 厝頭雀仔
    Dongshan 松鳥仔
    Taipei 粟鳥仔
    Kaohsiung 厝角鳥仔
    Tainan 厝角鳥, 厝角鳥仔
    Taichung 厝鳥仔
    Wuqi 粟鳥仔
    Hsinchu 粟鳥仔, 厝鳥仔
    Taitung 厝鳥仔
    Lukang 粟鳥仔
    Sanxia 粟鳥
    Yilan 粟鳥仔
    Kinmen 杙鳥仔
    Magong 厝角鳥, 厝鳥
    Penang 粟仔鳥, 麻雀鳥
    Singapore 粟鳥仔, 粟鳥, 麻雀
    Datian 檐賓仔
    Chaozhou 麻雀
    Shantou 麻雀
    Haifeng 麻雀
    Johor Bahru 麻雀
    Wenchang 鳥暝
    Haikou 鳥暝
    Leizhou 鳥暝
    Puxian Min Putian 鳥囝
    Xianyou 鳥囝
    Pinghua Nanning 偷飯雀, 麻鷝雀
    Shehua Fuding 麻鳥
    Sanming 八哥鳥
    Hua'an 麻雀
    Jingning 食穀鳥
    Chaozhou 麻雀
    Fengshun 禾鷝
    Wu Shanghai 麻雀, 麻將鳥, 麻將 dated, 麻鳥 dated
    Suzhou 麻雀
    Wuxi 麻雀, 麻雀子
    Hangzhou 麻雀兒, 雀兒
    Wenzhou 雀兒, 吃穀雀兒
    Chongming 麻將
    Danyang 麻雀, 麻雀雀, 麻雀子
    Jinhua 麻雀, 麻雀兒
    Ningbo 麻將
    Xiang Changsha 麻雀子, 麻雀
    Shuangfeng 麻賊子
    Loudi 麻雀子
    Dialectal synonyms of (“bird”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing 鳥兒
    Taiwan
    Harbin 鳥兒
    Jinan , 鳥兒
    Jiedian 蟲蟻兒
    Xuzhou 鳥兒,
    Yinchuan 鳥鳥子
    Ürümqi 雀娃子
    Wuhan 雀子
    Chengdu 雀雀, 雀兒, 鳥兒
    Guiyang
    Liuzhou 鳥崽
    Nanjing
    Cantonese Guangzhou 雀仔,
    Hong Kong 雀仔,
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 雀仔
    Taishan 雀仔,
    Dongguan 雀仔, 鷝仔
    Gan Lichuan 鳥兒
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian 鳥仔
    Yudu 鳥子,
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鳥仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 鳥仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 鳥仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 鳥仔,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 鳥仔
    Jin Taiyuan 鳥兒
    Min Bei Jian'ou 隻仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Matsu 鳥囝
    Min Nan Xiamen 鳥仔, 鳥隻
    Quanzhou 鳥仔, 鳥隻
    Zhangzhou 鳥仔, 鳥隻
    Taipei 鳥仔
    Kaohsiung 鳥仔
    Tainan 鳥仔
    Taichung 鳥仔
    Wuqi 鳥仔
    Hsinchu 鳥仔
    Taitung 鳥仔
    Lukang 鳥仔
    Yilan 鳥仔
    Magong
    Penang
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou , 鳥兒
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang 雀子
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Loudi 鳥唧

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. sparrow

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    すずめ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi

    Etymology 1[edit]

    EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana すずめ, katakana スズメ, rōmaji suzume)

    1. a Eurasian tree sparrow
    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Shortened from 麻雀

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (katakana ジャン, rōmaji jan)

    1. mahjong[3] (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
    3. ^ “Kanji Dictionary Publishing Society - Kanji Dictionary for Japanese Learners”, in kanji.org[1], 2013, retrieved 2018-10-9

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jak) (hangeul , revised jak, McCune–Reischauer chak, Yale cak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tước)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.