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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +13, 21 strokes, cangjie input 一月廿十月 (MBTJB), four-corner 10527, composition)

  1. tyranny, rule by might rather than right
  2. hegemon
  3. (archaic) alternative form of

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1379, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42490
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1888, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4077, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+9738

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (霸), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 必駕切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣaH/ /paH/ /paH/ /pɯaH/ /paɨH/ /paH/ /paH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ H › /*pˤrak-s/ have hegemony
‹ phæk › /*[pʰˤ]rak/ new moon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
181 0 /*praːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #13167”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pae, pa, baek) (hangeul , , , revised pae, pa, baek, McCune-Reischauer p'ae, p'a, paek, Yale phay, pha, payk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, phách)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.