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See also:
U+9738, 霸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9738

[U+9737]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9739]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173 +13, 21 strokes, cangjie input 一月廿十月 (MBTJB), four-corner 10527, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1379, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42490
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1888, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4077, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+9738

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
霸-oracle.svg 霸-bronze.svg 霸-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*praːɡs
*praːɡs
*praːɡs
*praːɡs

Etymology 1[edit]

Exoactive or transitive of (OC *praːɡ, “be the eldest”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/paH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨH/
Li
Rong
/paH/
Wang
Li
/paH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/paH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ H ›
Old
Chinese
/*pˤrak-s/
English have hegemony

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 181
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*praːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to dominate
  2. (historical) overlord
  3. tyrant; despot; hegemon; bully
  4. hegemony; tyranny

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Same word as (OC *pʰraːɡ, “soul”) and cognate with (OC *braːɡ, “white”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ phæk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[pʰˤ]rak/
English new moon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. new moon; moonlight in the beginning of a lunar month

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pae, pa, baek) (hangeul , , , revised pae, pa, baek, McCune-Reischauer p'ae, p'a, paek, Yale phay, pha, payk)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, phách)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.