革命

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Chinese[edit]

leather; remove life; fate
simp. and trad.
(革命)
Literally: “to change destiny”.
Wikipedia has an article on:
革命

Etymology[edit]

Wasei kango (和製漢語), borrowed from Japanese 革命 (かくめい) (kakumei, revolution), semantically readapted from Chinese 革命 (“dynastic change”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (4)
Final () (119) (111)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛk̚/ /mˠiæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæk̚/ /mᵚiaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐk̚/ /miaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨjk̚/ /miajŋH/
Li
Rong
/kɛk̚/ /miɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/kæk̚/ /mĭɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kæk̚/ /mi̯ɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge mìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛk › ‹ kɛk › ‹ mjængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤrək/ /*kˤrək/ /*m-riŋ-s/ (dialect: *m-r- > *mr-, *-iŋ> *-eŋ)
English hide, skin change (v.) command (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3835 8275
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯːɡ/ /*mreŋs/
Notes

Verb[edit]

革命

  1. to revolt

Noun[edit]

革命

  1. revolution

Adjective[edit]

革命

  1. (attributive) revolutionary

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かく
Grade: 6
めい
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 革命 (kɛk mjængH, to switch from a ruling dynasty to a new one)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

革命 (hiragana かくめい, rōmaji kakumei)

  1. a revolution; a coup d'état
    • 2002 July 18, “げまどうたみ [People Running About]”, in ユニオンの降臨 [Advent of the Union] (in Japanese), Konami:
      いつも (くる)しみに ()えているが、いつか (かなら) (かく) (めい) ()こすと (こころ) (ちか)っている。
      Itsumo kurushimi ni taeteiru ga, itsuka kanarazu kakumei o okosu to kokoro ni chikatteiru.
      Although they always suffer in silence, they swear an oath to inevitably revolt.
    • 2002 July 18, “だんけつするレジスタンス [United Resistance]”, in ユニオンの降臨 [Advent of the Union] (in Japanese), Konami:
       (きょう) (だい) (ちから) () ()かう (ちか)いを ()わすために (しゅう) (けつ)した (ひと) (びと) (かく) (めい) () (ちか)い。
      Kyōdai na chikara ni tachimukau chikai o kawasu tame ni shūketsu shita hitobito. Kakumei no hi wa chikai.
      People are gathering to swear an oath to revolt against their oppressors. The revolution is drawing nigh.
  2. one of the sankaku in traditional cosmology; a year often accompanied by change

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Hanja[edit]

革命 (hyeongmyeong) (hangeul 혁명, revised hyeokmyeong, McCune-Reischauer hyŏkmyŏng, Yale hyekmyeng)

  1. Hanja form? of 혁명, “revolution”.