革命

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Chinese[edit]

leather; remove life; fate
simp. and trad.
(革命)
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Etymology[edit]

Wasei kango (和製漢語), from Japanese 革命 (かくめい) ‎(kakumei, revolution), semantically readapted from Chinese 革命 (“dynastic change”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (4)
Final () (119) (111)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣɛk̚/ /mɣiæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯæk̚/ /mɯiaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐk̚/ /miaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨjk̚/ /miajŋH/
Li
Rong
/kɛk̚/ /miɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/kæk̚/ /mĭɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kæk̚/ /mi̯ɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge mìng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛk › ‹ kɛk › ‹ mjængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤrək/ /*kˤrək/ /*m-riŋ-s (dialect: *m-r- > *mr-, *-iŋ> *-eŋ)/
English hide, skin change (v.) command (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3835 8275
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯːɡ/ /*mreŋs/
Notes

Verb[edit]

革命

  1. to revolt

Noun[edit]

革命

  1. revolution

Adjective[edit]

革命

  1. (attributive) revolutionary

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
かく
Grade: 6
めい
Grade: 3
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 革命 ‎(kɛk mjængH, to switch from a ruling dynasty to a new one)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

革命 ‎(hiragana かくめい, romaji kakumei)

  1. a revolution; a coup d'état
  2. one of the sankaku in traditional cosmology; a year often accompanied by change

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Hanja[edit]

革命 ‎(hyeongmyeong) (hangeul 혁명, revised hyeokmyeong, McCune-Reischauer hyŏkmyŏng, Yale hyekmyeng)

  1. Hanja form? of 혁명, “revolution”.