革命

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Chinese[edit]

Wikipedia has articles on:
leather; remove life; fate
simp. and trad.
(革命)
Literally: “to change destiny”.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (28) (4)
Final () (119) (111)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II III
Fanqie
Baxter keak mjaengH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠɛk̚/ /mˠiæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚæk̚/ /mᵚiaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɐk̚/ /miaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəɨjk̚/ /miajŋH/
Li
Rong
/kɛk̚/ /miɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/kæk̚/ /mĭɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kæk̚/ /mi̯ɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ge mìng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gak1 ming6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mìng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kɛk › ‹ kɛk › ‹ mjængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˁrək/ /*kˁrək/ /*m-riŋ-s/ (dialect: *m-r- > *mr-, *-iŋ> *-eŋ)
English hide, skin change (v.) command (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 3835 8275
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯːɡ/ /*mreŋs/
Notes

Verb[edit]

革命

  1. to revolt; to start a revolution
  2. (figurative) to revolutionize; to transform completely
  3. (literary) to change in accordance with the Mandate of Heaven (i.e. to have a dynastic change)

Noun[edit]

革命

  1. revolution (political upheaval or sudden change in a situation or discipline)
    革命名義革命名义  ―  gémìng de míngyì  ―  in the name of revolution

Adjective[edit]

革命

  1. (attributive) revolutionary
    革命革命  ―  gémìng jūn  ―  revolutionary army
    昂揚革命精神昂扬革命精神  ―  ángyáng de gémìng jīngshén  ―  elated revolutionary spirit

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (革命):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
かく
Grade: 6
めい
Grade: 3
kan’on
 革命 on Japanese Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 革命 (MC keak mjaengH, “to switch to a new dynasty/regime”), from (to change; to reform) +‎ (fate; command; mandate, for example, as in the 天命 (Tenmei, Mandate of Heaven) that feudal East Asian emperors claimed to fulfil as 天子 (Tenshi, Son of Heaven)). In China, the 天子 (Tenshi, Son of Heaven) was said to rule the world, including establishing a new dynasty, by receiving the 天命 (Tenmei, Mandate of Heaven) (or 元命). This word has been used for a long time in Japan, starting from the introduction of I Ching (易經). Western Affairs (『西洋事情』, 1866-70) of Fukuzawa Yukichi (福󠄁澤 諭󠄀吉) used this word as a translation of the English word "revolution", and it was later popularised by Nakae Chōmin (中江 兆民) and others.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かく)(めい) (kakumei

  1. a revolution; a coup d'état
    • 2002 July 18, “()げまどう(たみ)”, in ユニオンの降臨 [Advent of the Union], Konami:
      いつも(くる)しみに()えているが、いつか(かなら)(かく)(めい)()こすと(こころ)(ちか)っている。
      Itsumo kurushimi ni taeteiru ga, itsuka kanarazu kakumei o okosu to kokoro ni chikatteiru.
      Although they always suffer in silence, they swear an oath to inevitably revolt.
    • 2002 July 18, “(だん)(けつ)するレジスタンス”, in ユニオンの降臨 [Advent of the Union], Konami:
      (きょう)(だい)(ちから)()()かう(ちか)いを()わすために(しゅう)(けつ)した(ひと)(びと)(かく)(めい)()(ちか)い。
      Kyōdai na chikara ni tachimukau chikai o kawasu tame ni shūketsu shita hitobito. Kakumei no hi wa chikai.
      People are gathering to swear an oath to revolt against their oppressors. The revolution is drawing nigh.
  2. one of the sankaku in traditional cosmology; a year often accompanied by change

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

革命 (hyeongmyeong) (hangeul 혁명)

  1. Hanja form? of 혁명 (revolution).

Vietnamese[edit]

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun[edit]

革命

  1. chữ Hán form of cách mệnh (revolution).