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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note that Japanese shinjitai replaces with , dropping the top stroke on 良, and instead drawing 艮.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(sound)

Han character[edit]

(radical 180 +11, 20 strokes, cangjie input 女中卜廿日 (VLYTA), four-corner 27601, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1398, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43318
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1914, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4498, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+97FF

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (響), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 許兩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨɐŋX/ /xi̯aŋX/ /xiaŋX/ /hiɐŋX/ /hɨaŋX/ /xĭaŋX/ /xiɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiǎng ‹ xjangX › /*qʰaŋʔ/ echo

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13599 0 /*qʰaŋʔ/

Noun[edit]

  1. sound
  2. echo
  3. news, messages

Verb[edit]

  1. to make a noise
  2. (of phones) to ring

Adjective[edit]

  1. able to make a noise
    響板响板 (“castanets”)
  2. (of sounds) loud and clear, resonant
    響亮响亮 (“loud and clear”)
  3. famous, reputed
  4. having a great impact

Classifier[edit]

  1. classifier for sounds

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. echo, resonance, reverberate
  2. sound

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(hyang) (hangeul , revised hyang, McCune-Reischauer hyang, Yale hyang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hưởng, hướng, Tuyên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.