預備

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See also: 豫備 and 予備

Chinese[edit]

 
to advance; in advance; beforehand
to advance; in advance; beforehand; to prepare
to prepare; get ready; to provide or equip
trad. (預備)
simp. (预备)
alternative forms 豫備豫备 (obsolete)

Etymology[edit]

Taiwanese Hokkien pronunciations of ió-bih, iú-bih are from Japanese 預備(よび) (yobi).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (36) (3)
Final () (22) (17)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨʌH/ /bˠiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɔH/ /bᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/iɔH/ /biɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jɨə̆H/ /bjiH/
Li
Rong
/iɔH/ /bjiH/
Wang
Li
/jĭoH/ /biH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯woH/ /bʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jyu6 bei6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ bijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]rək-s/
English complete (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 15740 426
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*las/ /*brɯɡs/

Verb[edit]

預備

  1. to prepare; to get ready; to make ready
    各就各位預備各就各位预备  ―  Gèjiùgèwèi, yùbèi, pǎo!  ―  On your marks, get set, go!
  2. (literary) to guard against; to take precautions against

Synonyms[edit]

  • (to prepare):
edit
  • (to guard against):
edit

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (預備):
  • Japanese: 予備(よび) (yobi)
  • Korean: 예비 (豫備, yebi)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6

Grade: 5
on’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of 預備 – see the following entry.
予備よび
[noun] reserve (that which is reserved, or kept back, as for future use), spare, preliminaries
(This term, 預備, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)