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See also: 饿
U+9913, 餓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9913

[U+9912]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9914]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 184, +7, 15 strokes, cangjie input 人戈竹手戈 (OIHQI), four-corner 83750, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1420, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44168
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1945, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4456, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+9913

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 饿

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaːls): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ŋaːlʔ).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *mwat ~ *ŋ(w)at (hungry; thirsty). Cognate with Burmese မွတ် (mwat) and ငတ် (ngat).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
è
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˁaj-s/
English hungry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13044
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hungry
    / 饿  ―  è le.  ―  I'm hungry.
  2. to starve someone

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hungry

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ŋɑH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

() (ga

  1. hungry; hunger

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(a) (hangeul )

  1. hungry
  2. greedy for
  3. hunger

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngạ, nga)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.