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U+9913, 餓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9913

[U+9912]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9914]
See also: 饿

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 184 +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 人戈竹手戈 (OIHQI), four-corner 83750, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1420, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44168
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1945, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4456, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+9913

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. 饿

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋralʔ
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl
*ŋaːl, *ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːlʔ
*ŋaːls
*ŋrals
*ŋral
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋral, *ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ
*ŋralʔ, *hŋral
*ŋrals
*hŋral
*hŋral
*hŋral

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋaːls): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ŋaːlʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋaH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
è
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
è
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˤaj-s/
English hungry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13044
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋaːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hungry
    / 饿  ―  è le.  ―  I'm hungry.
  2. to starve someone

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“hungry”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 飢餓
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 肚餓
Hong Kong 肚餓
Taishan 肚飢
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 肚飢
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Dong Fuzhou dated
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou 肚困
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng 肚䐬 intensified

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hungry

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(a) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngạ, nga)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.