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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 184 +12, 21 strokes, cangjie input 人戈女戈戈 (OIVII), four-corner 82753, composition)

  1. starve, be hungry
  2. famine

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1425, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44397
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1951, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4475, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9951

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨi/ /ke̯i/ /kiəi/ /kɨi/ /kɨj/ /kĭəi/ /kiəi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kjɨj › /*kə[j]/ famine

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5793 1 /*kɯl/

Noun[edit]

  1. a year in which harvest is poor; famine; crop failure
  2. Alternative spelling of

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

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