首都

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

 
head; chief; first (occasion); first (thing); measure word for poems
 
metropolis; capital city; all; both (if two things are involved); entirely; even; already
simp. and trad.
(首都)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

首都 (classifier ())

  1. capital; capital city (of a country)
    倫敦英國首都 / 伦敦英国首都  ―  Lúndūn shì Yīngguó de shǒudū.  ―  London is the capital of the UK.

Usage notes[edit]

When translating the English term capital city, use 首都 when referring to the capital of a country, 首府 (shǒufǔ) when referring to the capital of a state or autonomous region, and 省會省会 (shěnghuì) when referring to the capital of a province. Alternative terms for the capital of a country include 國都国都 (guódū), 京城 (jīngchéng), 京都 (jīngdū) and 京邑 (jīngyì), all of which are more commonly used in literary language.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (首都):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 2

Grade: 3
on'yomi
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

首都 ‎(hiragana しゅと, romaji shuto)

  1. capital, capital city
    東京 (とうきょう)日本 (にっぽん)首都 (しゅと)です。
    Tōkyō wa Nippon no shuto desu.
    Tokyo is the capital of Japan.
    京都 (きょうと)はかつて日本 (にっぽん)首都 (しゅと)でした。
    Kyōto wa katsute Nippon no shuto deshita.
    Kyoto was once Japan's capital.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

首都 ‎(sudo) ‎(hangeul 수도)

  1. Hanja form? of 수도, “the capital of a country”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

首都

  1. Hán tự form of thủ đô, "capital, capital city"