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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(horse) + phonetic  – to ride horseback

Han character[edit]

(radical 187 +8, 18 strokes, cangjie input 尸火大一口 (SFKMR), four-corner 74321)

  1. ride horseback
  2. mount
  3. cavalry

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1440, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44817
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1964, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4560, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+9A0E

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.
Particularly: “Is it from Proto-Sino-Tibetan or a loan from Austro-Tai? [1]

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (騎), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 渠羈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiᴇ/ /gie̯/ /ɡie/ /ɡiɛ/ /giə̆/ /ɡǐe/ /ɡjɛ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ gje › /*C.ɡ(r)aj (~ *[Cə.ɡ](r)aj)/ straddle; ride

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9998 1 /*ɡral/

Verb[edit]

  1. to ride (a horse, bike, etc.)

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (騎), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 奇寄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiᴇH/ /gie̯H/ /ɡieH/ /ɡiɛH/ /giə̆H/ /ɡǐeH/ /ɡjɛH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ gjeH › /*[ɡ](r)aj-s/ rider

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10005 1 /*ɡrals/

Classifier[edit]

  1. (literary) classifier for soldiers or warhorses

Noun[edit]

  1. horse or vehicle that one rides on
  2. mounted soldier
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

References[edit]

  • Guoyu Cidian (國語辭典): ,

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. ride horseback
  2. mount
  3. cavalry

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki, Yale ki)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kị, cưỡi, kỵ, cỡi, siệu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.