鳳凰

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Chinese[edit]

male Chinese phoenix female Chinese phoenix
trad. (鳳凰)
simp. (凤凰)
alternative forms 鳳皇凤皇
anagram 凰鳳凰凤
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Etymology[edit]

Miyake (2015) reconstructed Old Chinese pronunciation *N-prəm-s ɢʷˁɑŋ and proposed, though with uncertainty, that the mythical bird's name is the affixed form of (“wind sovereign”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (3) (33)
Final () (2) (102)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɨuŋH/ /ɦwɑŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/biuŋH/ /ɦʷɑŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/biuŋH/ /ɣuɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/buwŋH/ /ɦwaŋ/
Li
Rong
/biuŋH/ /ɣuɑŋ/
Wang
Li
/bĭuŋH/ /ɣuɑŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯uŋH/ /ɣwɑŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fèng huáng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fung6 wong4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 2935 12709
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bums/ /*ɡʷaːŋ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

鳳凰

  1. (Chinese mythology) fenghuang; the "Chinese phoenix" (Classifier: m)
  2. phoenix

Usage notes[edit]

In modern usage, 鳳凰 is often transliterated as fenghuang in English for distinction, while phoenix is also translated literally as 不死鳥不死鸟 (bùsǐniǎo, literally “immortal bird”) in Chinese.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

鳳凰

  1. () Fenghuang (a county of Xiangxi prefecture, Hunan, China)
  2. (街道) Fenghuang (a subdistrict of Echeng district, Ezhou, Hubei, China)
  3. () Fenghuang (name of various towns in China)
    1. () Fenghuang (a town in Xinzhou district, Wuhan, Hubei, China)
    2. () Fenghuang (a town in Wuxi, Chongqing, China)
  4. () Fenghuang (a village in Zhonglu, Lichuan, Enshi prefecture, Hubei, China)

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (鳳凰):

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほう
Jinmeiyō
おう
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi
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 鳳凰 on Japanese Wikipedia
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 鳳凰 (曖昧さ回避) on Japanese Wikipedia
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 Fenghuang on Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

/pouwau//ɸoːwɔː//hoːɔː//hoːoː/

Borrowing from Chinese 鳳凰 (fènghuáng, literally male fire-bird + female fire-bird),[1][2][3] date of borrowing unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ほう)(おう) (hōōほうわう (fouwau)?

  1. (Chinese mythology) fenghuang: a fabled Chinese fire-bird
    Synonyms: 大鳥 (ōtori), 鳳鳥 (hōchō)
  2. a style of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a stylized fenghuang
    Hyponyms: 鳳凰丸 (hōō-maru), 桐に鳳凰 (kiri ni hōō)
  3. (shogi) phoenix: a piece in 中将棋 (chū-shōgi) and larger shogi variants

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ほう)(おう) (Hōōほうわう (fouwau)?

  1. a type of incense
  2. a place name
  3. a female given name
  4. a surname

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. ^ 鳳凰”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainihan, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

鳳凰 (bonghwang) (hangeul 봉황)

  1. Hanja form? of 봉황 (fenghuang).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Verb[edit]

鳳凰

  1. chữ Hán form of phượng hoàng (phoenix).