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U+9E7C, 鹼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9E7C

[U+9E7B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9E7D]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 197, +13, 24 strokes, cangjie input 卜田人一人 (YWOMO), four-corner 28686, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1508, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47576
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2036, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4611, character 21
  • Unihan data for U+9E7C

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms


𠑲
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Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
鹼-seal.svg 鹼-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kreːmʔ, *skʰlam): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *skʰlam).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kiám - literary;
  • kiⁿ - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (14) (28)
    Final () (153) (151)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡sʰiᴇm/ /kˠɛmX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /t͡sʰiɛm/ /kᵚæmX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡sʰjæm/ /kɐmX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /t͡sʰiam/ /kəɨmX/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡sʰiɛm/ /kɐmX/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡sʰĭɛm/ /kɐmX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /t͡sʰi̯ɛm/ /kămX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    qiān jiǎn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 10182 10204
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kreːmʔ/ /*skʰlam/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. sodium carbonate
    2. (chemistry) (soluble) alkali
      Antonym: (suān)
    3. (chemistry, chiefly Mainland China) base (soluble or not)
    4. (dialectal) soap

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. (chemistry) base, alkali

    Readings[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (dảm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.