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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
麥-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
麥-oracle.svg 麥-bronze.svg 麥-bigseal.svg 麥-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - a wheat plant.

Han character[edit]

(radical 199 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十人弓戈 (JONI), four-corner 40207)

  1. wheat, barley, oats
  2. KangXi radical number 199
  3. a surname in China

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1512, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2041, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4600, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EA5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mai⁵¹/
Harbin /mai⁵³/
Tianjin /mai⁵³/
Jinan /mei²¹/
Qingdao /me⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /mei²¹/
Xining /mɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /mia¹³/
/mɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /mə¹³/
Ürümqi /mai²¹³/
/mei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /mɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /me³¹/
Guiyang /mɛ²¹/
Kunming /mə³¹/
Nanjing /məʔ⁵/
Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /mai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /miʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /miaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /maʔ¹/
Suzhou /mɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /mɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ma²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɛ²²/
Tunxi /ma¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mə²⁴/
Xiangtan /mai²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /mɑʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /mak̚⁵/
Taoyuan /mɑk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐk̚²/
Nanning /mɐk̚²²/
Hong Kong /mɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bik̚⁵/
/beʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /maʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ma⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /beʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vɛ³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/mɣɛk̚/ /mæk̚/ /mɛk̚/ /mɯæk̚/ /məɨjk̚/ /mæk̚/ /mɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
mài ‹ mɛk › /*m-rˤək (dialect: *m-rˤ > *mˤr-)/ wheat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7630 0 /*mrɯːɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. wheat, barley, oats

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. wheat

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(maek)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: maek, McCune-Reischauer: maek, Yale: mayk)
  • Name (hangeul): 보리 (revised: bori, McCune-Reischauer: pori)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mạch)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.