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See also:
U+9EA5, 麥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EA5

[U+9EA4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EA6]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
麥-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 199, +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十人弓戈 (JONI), four-corner 40207, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #199, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1512, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2041, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4600, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EA5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
麥-oracle.svg 麥-bronze.svg 麥-seal.svg 麥-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*m·rɯːɡ
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯː, *ruːlʔ, *ruːlʔ
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː, *rɯ
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯːʔ, *rrɯː
*rɯːs
*rɯːs
*rɯːs
*rɯːs, *r̥ʰɯ, *r̥ʰɯs, *r̥ʰɯs
*rɯ
*ŋrɯns
*ŋrɯns
*mrɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mrɯːɡ): phonetic  (OC *m·rɯːɡ) + semantic  (foot; to walk slowly). was the original character for “wheat”. Several possible interpretations:

  • This character originally meant “to come”. Because the simpler was commonly used for this (borrowed) sense, its original meaning (“wheat”) switched with .
  • represents the ancient concept that wheat came from the heavens.
  • represents growth of the wheat plant.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • măk - vernacular;
  • mĕk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • be̍h/be̍eh - vernacular;
    • be̍k/bia̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mai⁵¹/
    Harbin /mai⁵³/
    Tianjin /mai⁵³/
    Jinan /mei²¹/
    Qingdao /me⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /mei²¹/
    Xining /mɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /mia¹³/
    /mɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /mə¹³/
    Ürümqi /mai²¹³/
    /mei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /mɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /me³¹/
    Guiyang /mɛ²¹/
    Kunming /mə³¹/
    Nanjing /məʔ⁵/
    Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /mai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /miʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /miaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /maʔ¹/
    Suzhou /mɑʔ³/
    Hangzhou /mɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ma²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɛ²²/
    Tunxi /ma¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mai²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /mɑʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /mak̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /mɑk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐk̚²/
    Nanning /mɐk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /mɐk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bik̚⁵/
    /beʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /maʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ma⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /beʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vɛ³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /məɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /mɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-rˁək/ (dialect: *m-rˁ > *mˁr-)
    English wheat

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7630
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mrɯːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. wheat; barley; oats
    2. (Hainanese) corn; maize
    3. Short for 麥克風麦克风 (màikèfēng, “microphone”).
    4. Short for 麥克斯韋麦克斯韦 (Màikèsīwéi).
    5. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 玉米 (“corn; maize”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 玉米玉蜀黍
    Taxonomic name 玉米玉蜀黍
    Mandarin Beijing 老玉米玉米棒子
    Taiwan 玉米
    Tianjin 玉米棒子
    Harbin 玉米包米
    Shenyang 玉米包米
    Hailar 包米
    Ulan Hot 包米
    Tongliao 包米
    Chifeng 玉米包米棒子
    Bayanhot 玉米
    Jinan 玉米棒子
    Muping 棒棒兒包兒米玉米
    Luoyang 棒子包穀玉蜀黍蜀黍玉蜀黍兒老玉米玉米
    Jiedian 玉䵚秫玉米
    Xi'an 玉米包穀玉麥
    Qingdao 玉米包米兒包米
    Zhengzhou 玉蜀黍
    Xining 包穀包穀棒子
    Xuzhou 棒子玉秫秫大秫秫玉米棒子
    Yinchuan 玉米
    Lanzhou 包穀
    Ürümqi 包穀包米
    Wuhan 包穀
    Huanggang 玉榴
    Chengdu 玉麥玉米包穀
    Guiyang 包穀
    Guilin 包穀
    Liuzhou 玉米包穀
    Kunming 包穀玉麥
    Yangzhou 玉蘆書棒頭
    Nanjing 包蘆包穀玉蜀黍玉米
    Hefei 六穀玉米
    Nantong 玉米
    Malaysia 玉米
    Singapore 玉米
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 玉米
    Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan) 包米
    Cantonese Guangzhou 粟米包粟
    Hong Kong 粟米包粟
    Shunde 粟米
    Foshan 粟米
    Zhongshan 粟米
    Dongguan 粟米包粟
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 包粟
    Taishan 粟米
    Doumen 粟米
    Kaiping 粟米
    Shaoguan 包粟
    Yunfu 包粟
    Yangjiang 珍珠粟
    Xinyi 包粟飯包粟
    Lianjiang 粟米包粟
    Danzhou 包麥
    Kuala Lumpur 包粟楂弓
    Ho Chi Minh City 粟米bắp
    Gan Nanchang 玉米
    Lichuan 包粟金豆
    Pingxiang 包粟
    Hakka Meixian 包粟
    Xingning 包粟
    Huidong 包粟
    Qujiang 包粟
    Xiaosanjiang 包麥
    Changting 包粟
    Pingyu 包粟
    Wuping 包粟
    Ninghua 包鬚
    Yudu 包粟
    Ruijin 包粟
    Shicheng 包粟
    Shangyou 包粟
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 包粟
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 包粟
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 包粟
    Dongshi (Dabu) 包粟
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 包粟
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 番麥
    Hong Kong 包粟
    Sabah 包粟
    Senai 包粟
    Singkawang 包粟
    Huizhou Jixi 包蘿
    Shexian 包蘆
    Tunxi 包蘿包蘿兒
    Xiuning 包蘆
    Yixian 包蘆金蘆
    Qimen 包蘆
    Wuyuan 包蘿
    Fuliang 玉米
    Dexing 包粟
    Jingde 包蘆
    Xianyu (formerly Zhanda) 包蘆
    Jin Taiyuan 玉茭子
    Pingyao 玉茭
    Xinzhou 玉茭子
    Baochang 棒子
    Jining 玉茭茭
    Hohhot 玉茭子玉米
    Baotou 玉茭茭
    Dongsheng 玉茭子
    Linhe 玉茭子
    Haibowan 玉茭子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 包蘿觀音豆觀豆
    Dikou 包蘿
    Songxi 包蘿
    Zhenghe 包蘿
    Zhenqian 包蘿
    Jianyang 番米
    Wuyishan 包黍
    Shibei 包蘿
    Min Dong Fuzhou 油甜苞
    Changle 油甜苞
    Fuqing 番黍玉秫黍油甜苞
    Yongtai 油甜苞
    Gutian 金豆
    Fu'an 番豆
    Ningde 番豆
    Shouning 包蘿
    Zhouning 包蘿
    Fuding 番豆
    Min Nan Xiamen 麥穗番麥 dated蘆黍 dated
    Quanzhou 番大麥蘆黍 dated
    Zhangzhou 麥穗番黍番麥 dated蘆黍 dated
    Taipei 番麥
    Kaohsiung 番麥
    Tainan 番麥
    Taichung 番麥
    Wuqi 番麥
    Hsinchu 番麥
    Taitung 番麥
    Lukang 番麥
    Sanxia 番麥
    Yilan 番麥
    Kinmen 包果番麥
    Magong 番仔蘆黍
    Penang 惹穬
    Philippines (Manila) 玉米
    Chaozhou 薏米仁
    Shantou 幼米仁
    Johor Bahru 惹穬
    Wenchang 包麥
    Haikou 珍珠米
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian 黍秫
    Xianyou 番黍
    Pinghua Nanning 玉米
    Wu Shanghai 珍珠米玉米
    Suzhou 御麥珍珠米
    Wuxi 珍珠米
    Hangzhou 六穀玉黍玉米
    Wenzhou 包蘿粟糯米粟粟麥飯糰粟珍珠粟
    Chongming 大米
    Danyang 玉米粟珍珠粟
    Jinhua 包蘿
    Ningbo 六穀
    Xiang Changsha 玉米包穀
    Shuangfeng 包穀玉米子
    Loudi 玉米子

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. wheat

    Readings[edit]

    • Go-on: みゃく (myaku)
    • Kan-on: ばく (baku)
    • Kun: むぎ (mugi, )

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (maek)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: maek, McCune–Reischauer: maek, Yale: mayk)
      • Name (hangeul): 보리 (revised: bori, McCune–Reischauer: pori)
    1. wheat

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mạch)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.