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See also:
U+9EA5, 麥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EA5

[U+9EA4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EA6]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
麥-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 199 +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十人弓戈 (JONI), four-corner 40207, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #199, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1512, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2041, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4600, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EA5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
麥-oracle.svg 麥-bronze.svg 麥-bigseal.svg 麥-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*m·rɯːɡ
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯː, *ruːlʔ, *ruːlʔ
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː, *rɯ
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯːʔ, *rrɯː
*rɯːs
*rɯːs
*rɯːs
*rɯːs, *r̥ʰɯ, *r̥ʰɯs, *r̥ʰɯs
*rɯ
*ŋrɯns
*ŋrɯns
*mrɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mrɯːɡ): phonetic  (OC *m·rɯːɡ) + semantic  (foot; to walk slowly). was the original character for “wheat”. Several possible interpretations:

  • This character originally meant “to come”. Because the simpler was commonly used for this (borrowed) sense, its original meaning (“wheat”) switched with .
  • represents the ancient concept that wheat came from the heavens.
  • represents growth of the wheat plant.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • be̍h/be̍eh - vernacular;
  • be̍k/bia̍k - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mai⁵¹/
Harbin /mai⁵³/
Tianjin /mai⁵³/
Jinan /mei²¹/
Qingdao /me⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /mei²¹/
Xining /mɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /mia¹³/
/mɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /mə¹³/
Ürümqi /mai²¹³/
/mei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /mɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /me³¹/
Guiyang /mɛ²¹/
Kunming /mə³¹/
Nanjing /məʔ⁵/
Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /mai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /miʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /miaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /maʔ¹/
Suzhou /mɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /mɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ma²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɛ²²/
Tunxi /ma¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mə²⁴/
Xiangtan /mai²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /mɑʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /mak̚⁵/
Taoyuan /mɑk̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐk̚²/
Nanning /mɐk̚²²/
Hong Kong /mɐk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bik̚⁵/
/beʔ⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /maʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ma⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /beʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vɛ³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (119)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/mɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/məɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/mɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/mæk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mài
Middle
Chinese
‹ mɛk ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-rˤək/ (dialect: *m-rˤ > *mˤr-)
English wheat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7630
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mrɯːɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wheat; barley; oats
  2. (~克風) microphone
  3. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. wheat

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(maek)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: maek, McCune-Reischauer: maek, Yale: mayk)
    • Name (hangeul): 보리 (revised: bori, McCune-Reischauer: pori)
  1. wheat

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(mạch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.