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See also:
U+9EA5, 麥
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EA5

[U+9EA4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EA6]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
麥-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 199, +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十人弓戈 (JONI), four-corner 40207, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #199, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1512, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47717
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2041, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4600, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EA5

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
麥-oracle.svg 麥-bronze.svg 麥-seal.svg 麥-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*m·rɯːɡ
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯː, *ruːlʔ, *ruːlʔ
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː
*rɯː, *rɯ
*rɯː, *rɯːs
*rɯː
*rɯːʔ, *rrɯː
*rɯːs
*rɯːs
*rɯːs
*rɯːs, *r̥ʰɯ, *r̥ʰɯs, *r̥ʰɯs
*rɯ
*ŋrɯns
*ŋrɯns
*mrɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *mrɯːɡ): phonetic  (OC *m·rɯːɡ) + semantic  (foot; to walk slowly). was the original character for “wheat”. Several possible interpretations:

  • This character originally meant “to come”. Because the simpler was commonly used for this (borrowed) sense, its original meaning (“wheat”) switched with .
  • represents the ancient concept that wheat came from the heavens.
  • represents growth of the wheat plant.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • măk - vernacular;
  • mĕk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • be̍h/be̍eh - vernacular;
    • be̍k/bia̍k - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /mai⁵¹/
    Harbin /mai⁵³/
    Tianjin /mai⁵³/
    Jinan /mei²¹/
    Qingdao /me⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /mɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /mei²¹/
    Xining /mɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /mia¹³/
    /mɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /mə¹³/
    Ürümqi /mai²¹³/
    /mei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /mɤ²¹³/
    Chengdu /me³¹/
    Guiyang /mɛ²¹/
    Kunming /mə³¹/
    Nanjing /məʔ⁵/
    Hefei /mɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /mai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /miʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /miaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /maʔ¹/
    Suzhou /mɑʔ³/
    Hangzhou /mɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ma²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /mɛ²²/
    Tunxi /ma¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /mə²⁴/
    Xiangtan /mai²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /mɑʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /mak̚⁵/
    Taoyuan /mɑk̚⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐk̚²/
    Nanning /mɐk̚²²/
    Hong Kong /mɐk̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bik̚⁵/
    /beʔ⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /maʔ⁵/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ma⁴²/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /beʔ⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /vɛ³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /məɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /mɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /mæk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    mài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-rˤək/ (dialect: *m-rˤ > *mˤr-)
    English wheat

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7630
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*mrɯːɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. wheat; barley; oats
    2. Short for 麥克風麦克风 (màikèfēng, “microphone”).
    3. Short for 麥克斯韋麦克斯韦 (Màikèsīwéi).
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. wheat

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (maek)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: maek, McCune–Reischauer: maek, Yale: mayk)
      • Name (hangeul): 보리 (revised: bori, McCune–Reischauer: pori)
    1. wheat

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (mạch)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.