Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *teːmʔ): semantic  ‎(black) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔljem, *tjems) – black dots.

Han character[edit]

(radical 203 +5, 17 strokes, cangjie input 田火卜口 (WFYR), four-corner 61360, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1519, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2053, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4745, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+9EDE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (157)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/temX/
Pan
Wuyun
/temX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɛmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tɛmX/
Li
Rong
/temX/
Wang
Li
/tiemX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tiemX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
diǎn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
diǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ temX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤemʔ/
English black spot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16721
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*teːmʔ/

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Definitions[edit]

  1. dot; spot; speck
  2. place; point; spot
  3. point; aspect
  4. o'clock
    點鐘
  5. (mathematics) point
  6. (mathematics) decimal point
  7. drop
  8. (Chinese calligraphy) a dot stroke ( (zhǔ))
  9. to choose; to select; to order (food)
    Synonyms: (jiào)
  10. to nod
  11. to click
    點擊
  12. a little; a bit; some
Usage notes[edit]

點 is often used for "o'clock", following the numbered hour: e.g. "three o'clock" is "三點". Normally 點鐘 would be used in the expression "1 o'clock" or "2 o'clock", due to the similarities between 一點 (meaning: "a bit") and 一點 (meaning: "1 o'clock"), but for other hours, the short form is used. Moreover, using 一點 for "1 o'clock" is not grammatically incorrect.

Etymology 2[edit]

A relation to (zěn) has been proposed.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Definitions[edit]

(Cantonese)

  1. how to
    番茄應該 / 番茄应该 [Cantonese]  ―  Faan1 ke4-2 jing1 goi1 dim2 zing2? [Jyutping]  ―  How do I prepare tomatoes?
  2. how
    呢個算係 / 呢个算系 [Cantonese]  ―  Ni1 go3 dim2 syun3 hai6 co3 ne1? [Jyutping]  ―  How is this wrong?
  3. no matter what; regardless of the circumstances
    筷子食飯真係 [Cantonese, trad.]
    筷子食饭真系 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Keoi5 dim2 dou1 wui5 jung6 faai3 zi2 sik6 faan6, zan1 hai6 hou2 cau2. [Jyutping]
    He always uses chopsticks to eat. It's really shameful.

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeom) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer chŏm, Yale cem)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(điểm, chấm, chúm, đém, đếm, đóm, đêm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]