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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *teːmʔ): semantic  ‎(black) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔljem, *tjems) – black dots.

Han character[edit]

(radical 203 +5, 17 strokes, cangjie input 田火卜口 (WFYR), four-corner 61360, composition)

  1. dot, speck, spot
  2. point, degree

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1519, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2053, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4745, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+9EDE

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (5)
Final: (157)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: diǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/temX/ /temX/ /tɛmX/ /tɛmX/ /temX/ /tiemX/ /tiemX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
diǎn ‹ temX › /*tˤemʔ/ black spot

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16721 2 /*teːmʔ/

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Noun[edit]

  1. dot; spot; speck
  2. place; point; spot
  3. point; aspect
  4. o'clock
  5. (mathematics) point
  6. (mathematics) decimal point
  7. drop
  8. (Chinese calligraphy) a dot stroke ( (zhǔ))
Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. to choose; to select; to order (food)
  2. to nod
  3. to click see 點擊
See also[edit]
  • (jiào, “to order”)

Classifier[edit]

  1. a little; a bit; some
Usage notes[edit]

點 is often used for "o'clock", following the numbered hour: e.g. "three o'clock" is "三點". Normally 點鐘 would be used in the expression "1 o'clock" or "2 o'clock", due to the similarities between 一點 (meaning: "a bit") and 一點 (meaning: "1 o'clock"), but for other hours, the short form is used. Moreover, using 一點 for "1 o'clock" is not grammatically incorrect.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

A relation to (zěn) has been proposed.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Particle[edit]

(Cantonese)

  1. how to
    番茄應該 / 番茄应该 [Cantonese]  ―  Faan1 ke4-2 jing1 goi1 dim2 zing2? [Jyutping]  ―  How do I prepare tomatoes?
  2. how
    呢個算係 / 呢个算系 [Cantonese]  ―  Ni1 go3 dim2 syun3 hai6 co3 ne1? [Jyutping]  ―  How is this wrong?
  3. no matter what; regardless of the circumstances
    筷子食飯真係 [Cantonese, trad.]
    筷子食饭真系 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Keoi5 dim2 dou1 wui5 jung6 faai3 zi2 sik6 faan6, zan1 hai6 hou2 cau2. [Jyutping]
    He always uses chopsticks to eat. It's really shameful.

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jeom) (hangeul , revised jeom, McCune-Reischauer chŏm, Yale cem)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(điểm, chấm, chúm, đém, đếm, đóm, đêm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]