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See also:
U+9F3B, 鼻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F3B

[U+9F3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F3C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
鼻-order.gif
Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

The form of this character differs slightly between China and Japan:

in China: ,
in Japan:

That is, in China the bottom is (strokes T-junction), while in Japan the bottom is (strokes cross).

Han character[edit]

(radical 209 +0, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹山田一中 (HUWML), four-corner 26446, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #209, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1530, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2066, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4779, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F3B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
鼻-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*piːds, *pids
*pʰiːds, *pʰrids
*pids
*pids
*pʰrids
*pʰrids
*blids
*bids

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *blids): semantic  (nose) + phonetic  (OC *pids). Originally written as (OC *ɦljids), before it was borrowed for the sense of “self”.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *bi (nose).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bei5 - “nose”;
  • bei5* - “nasal mucus”.
Note:
  • pé - vernacular (noun);
  • bê - vernacular (“to smell”);
  • bĭk - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi³⁵/
Harbin /pi²⁴/
Tianjin /pi⁴⁵/
Jinan /pi⁴²/
Qingdao /pi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
Xi'an /pi²⁴/
Xining /pji²⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi⁵³/
Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /piʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /biɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /biəʔ³/
Hangzhou /biəʔ²/
/bɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /bi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰi²²/
Tunxi /pʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /pʰi⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pei²²/
Nanning /pi²²/
Hong Kong /pei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi²²/
/pʰi²²/ ~仔
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɛi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pĩ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/biH/
Li
Rong
/biH/
Wang
Li
/biH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 612
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*blids/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) nose
  2. nose-like object; protruding part or the handle of an object
    1. pinhole
    2. (geography) cape
  3. initial; founding; beginning; original
      ―    ―  forefather; initiator
  4. (dialectal) nasal mucus; snot
  5. (Hakka, Min) to smell

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 鼻子 (“nose”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻子
Mandarin Beijing 鼻子
Taiwan 鼻子
Harbin 鼻子
Shenyang 鼻子
Hailar 鼻子
Ulan Hot 鼻子
Tongliao 鼻子
Chifeng 鼻子
Bayanhot 鼻子
Jinan 鼻子
Muping 鼻子
Luoyang 鼻子
Jiedian 鼻疙瘩
Xi'an 鼻子
Zhengzhou
Xining 鼻子
Xuzhou 鼻子鼻主 dated
Yinchuan 鼻子
Lanzhou 鼻子
Ürümqi 鼻子
Wuhan 鼻子
Chengdu 鼻子
Guiyang 鼻子
Guilin 鼻子
Liuzhou 鼻子
Kunming 鼻子
Yangzhou 鼻子
Nanjing 鼻子
Hefei 鼻子
Nantong 鼻子
Malaysia 鼻子
Singapore 鼻子
Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻哥
Hong Kong 鼻哥
Shunde 鼻哥
Foshan 鼻哥
Zhongshan 鼻哥
Dongguan 鼻哥
Hong Kong (Weitou) 鼻公
Taishan 鼻哥
Doumen 鼻哥
Kaiping 鼻哥
Shaoguan 鼻哥
Yunfu 鼻哥鼻公
Yangjiang
Xinyi 鼻公
Lianjiang 鼻哥
Nanning 鼻哥
Wuzhou 鼻哥
Yulin 鼻公
Hepu 鼻頭鼻公
Kuala Lumpur 鼻哥
Gan Nanchang 鼻子鼻公
Lichuan 鼻公
Pingxiang 鼻子
Hakka Meixian 鼻公
Xingning 鼻公
Huidong 鼻公
Qujiang 鼻頭
Xiaosanjiang 鼻公
Luchuan 鼻公
Changting 鼻公
Pingyu 鼻公
Wuping 鼻公
Liancheng 鼻公
Ninghua 鼻公
Yudu 鼻子鼻公
Ruijin 鼻公
Shicheng 鼻公
Shangyou 鼻公
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻公
Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻公
Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻空
Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻公鼻公笐
Zhuolan (Raoping) 鼻公鼻空鼻窟仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 鼻公
Sabah 鼻公
Senai 鼻公
Singkawang 鼻空
Huizhou Shexian 鼻頭
Tunxi 鼻孔
Jixi 鼻孔
Jin Taiyuan 鼻子
Xinzhou 鼻子
Baochang 鼻子
Jining 鼻子
Hohhot 鼻子
Baotou 鼻子
Dongsheng 鼻子
Linhe 鼻子
Haibowan 鼻子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen 鼻仔
Quanzhou 鼻仔
Zhangzhou 鼻仔
Taipei 鼻仔
Kaohsiung 鼻仔
Tainan 鼻仔
Taichung 鼻仔
Hsinchu 鼻仔
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang 鼻管
Singapore 鼻空
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng 鼻仔
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian 鼻空
Xianyou 鼻空
Pinghua Nanning 鼻子
Guilin 鼻孔
Wu Shanghai 鼻頭
Suzhou 鼻頭
Hangzhou 鼻頭鼻子
Wenzhou 鼻頭
Chongming 鼻頭
Danyang 鼻頭
Jinhua 鼻頭
Ningbo 鼻頭管
Xiang Changsha 鼻子
Shuangfeng 鼻頭
Loudi 鼻頭
Quanzhou 鼻子
Dialectal synonyms of 鼻涕 (“nasal mucus”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻涕
Mandarin Beijing 鼻挺
Taiwan 鼻涕
Harbin 鼻渟膿帶
Hailar 鼻涕鼻挺
Chifeng 膿帶
Bayanhot 鼻子
Jinan 鼻子鼻涕
Muping
Luoyang 鼻子
Jiedian 鼻子
Xi'an
Qingdao 鼻挺鼻清鼻子
Zhengzhou 鼻子
Xining 鼻子
Xuzhou 鼻子
Yinchuan 鼻子
Lanzhou 鼻子
Ürümqi 鼻子
Wuhan 鼻淟鼻子
Chengdu 鼻子鼻涕
Guiyang 鼻子鼻涕
Guilin 鼻涕
Liuzhou 鼻涕鼻水
Kunming 鼻子
Yangzhou 鼻子鼻涕
Nanjing 鼻子鼻涕
Hefei 鼻子
Nantong 鼻涕黃膿
Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻涕鼻水
Hong Kong 鼻涕鼻水
Shunde 鼻涕
Foshan 鼻涕
Zhongshan 鼻水
Dongguan 鼻膿鼻水
Hong Kong (Weitou) 鼻膿
Taishan 鼻水
Doumen 鼻涕
Kaiping 鼻水
Shaoguan 鼻涕鼻水
Yunfu 鼻水
Yangjiang 鼻水
Xinyi
Lianjiang 鼻涕鼻水
Nanning 鼻涕
Wuzhou 鼻涕
Yulin 鼻涕
Hepu 鼻涕
Kuala Lumpur 鼻涕
Gan Nanchang 鼻涕
Lichuan
Pingxiang 鼻韌
Hakka Meixian 鼻水
Xingning
Huidong 鼻水鼻膿
Qujiang 鼻水
Xiaosanjiang 鼻水
Luchuan 鼻水
Changting 鼻水
Pingyu 鼻水鼻膿
Wuping 鼻膿
Liancheng 鼻水
Ninghua
Yudu 鼻水
Ruijin 鼻水
Shicheng 鼻水
Shangyou 鼻膿
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻水鼻膿
Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻水鼻膿
Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻水鼻膿
Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻水鼻膿
Zhuolan (Raoping) 鼻水鼻膿
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 鼻水
Hong Kong 鼻膿
Sabah 鼻膿
Senai 鼻膿
Singkawang 鼻膿
Huizhou Jixi 痞鼻
Jin Taiyuan 鼻涕鼻子
Xinzhou 沫涕膿帶
Jining 膿帶
Hohhot 鼻子膿帶
Dongsheng 膿帶
Min Bei Jian'ou 鼻水
Min Dong Fuzhou 鼻水
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Shouning 鼻頭水
Zhouning
Fuding
Min Nan Xiamen 鼻水
Quanzhou 鼻水
Zhangzhou 鼻水
Taipei 鼻水
Kaohsiung 鼻水
Tainan 鼻水鼻蚵
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung 鼻水
Lukang
Yilan 鼻蚵
Magong 鼻水
Penang 鼻水
Philippines (Manila) 鼻水
Pingnan 鼻涕
Chaozhou
Shantou
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou 鼻水
Leizhou 鼻水
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning 鼻涕
Guilin 鼻涕
Wu Shanghai 鼻涕鼻涕水
Suzhou 鼻涕
Hangzhou 鼻涕
Wenzhou 鼻涕鼻涕水
Chongming 鼻涕
Danyang 鼻涕
Jinhua 鼻涕
Tangxi 鼻頭
Ningbo 鼻頭鼻頭水
Xiang Changsha 鼻竇膿鼻子
Shuangfeng 鼻頭膿鼻頭水
Loudi 鼻頭
Quanzhou 鼻涕
Dialectal synonyms of (“to smell”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nose

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
はな
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

  1. nose
  2. (elephant or elephant seal) trunk

Etymology[edit]

From pointing to one's nose to refer to oneself.

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

  1. first-person personal male pronoun; I, me

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: bi, McCune-Reischauer: pi, Yale: pi)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: ko, McCune-Reischauer: k'o, Yale: kho)
  1. nose

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tị)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.