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U+9F3B, 鼻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F3B

[U+9F3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F3C]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
鼻-order.gif
Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

The form of this character differs slightly between China and Japan:

in China: ,
in Japan:

That is, in China the bottom is (strokes T-junction), while in Japan the bottom is (strokes cross).

Han character[edit]

(radical 209 +0, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹山田一中 (HUWML), four-corner 26446, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #209, (nose).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1530, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2066, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4779, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F3B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
鼻-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*piːds, *pids
*pʰiːds, *pʰrids
*pids
*pids
*pʰrids
*pʰrids
*blids
*bids

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *blids): semantic  (nose) + phonetic  (OC *pids). Originally written as (OC *ɦljids), before it was borrowed for the sense of “self”.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *bi (nose).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • pé - vernacular (noun);
  • bê - vernacular (“to smell”);
  • bĭk - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi³⁵/
Harbin /pi²⁴/
Tianjin /pi⁴⁵/
Jinan /pi⁴²/
Qingdao /pi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
Xi'an /pi²⁴/
Xining /pji²⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi⁵³/
Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /piʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /biɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /biəʔ³/
Hangzhou /biəʔ²/
/bɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /bi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰi²²/
Tunxi /pʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /pʰi⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pei²²/
Nanning /pi²²/
Hong Kong /pei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi²²/
/pʰi²²/ ~仔
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɛi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pĩ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/biH/
Li
Rong
/biH/
Wang
Li
/biH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 612
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*blids/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (anatomy) nose
  2. nose-like object; protruding part or the handle of an object
    1. pinhole
    2. (geography) cape
  3. initial; founding; beginning; original
      ―    ―  forefather; initiator
  4. (dialectal) nasal mucus; snot
  5. (Hakka, Min) to smell

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 鼻子 (“nose”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻子
Mandarin Beijing 鼻子
Taiwan 鼻子
Harbin 鼻子
Jinan 鼻子
Muping 鼻子
Luoyang 鼻子
Jiedian 鼻疙瘩
Xi'an 鼻子
Xining 鼻子
Xuzhou 鼻子鼻主 dated
Yinchuan 鼻子
Lanzhou 鼻子
Ürümqi 鼻子
Wuhan 鼻子
Chengdu 鼻子
Guiyang 鼻子
Liuzhou 鼻子
Yangzhou 鼻子
Nanjing 鼻子
Hefei 鼻子
Malaysia 鼻子
Singapore 鼻子
Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻哥
Hong Kong 鼻哥
Dongguan 鼻哥
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 鼻子鼻公
Lichuan 鼻公
Pingxiang 鼻子
Hakka Meixian 鼻公
Xingning 鼻公
Huidong 鼻公
Qujiang 鼻頭
Xiaosanjiang 鼻公
Changting 鼻公
Pingyu 鼻公
Wuping 鼻公
Liancheng 鼻公
Ninghua 鼻公
Yudu 鼻子鼻公
Ruijin 鼻公
Shicheng 鼻公
Shangyou 鼻公
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻公
Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻公
Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻空
Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻公
Zhuolan (Raoping) 鼻公鼻空鼻窟仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 鼻空
Huizhou Jixi 鼻孔
Jin Taiyuan 鼻子
Xinzhou 鼻子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 鼻仔
Quanzhou 鼻仔
Zhangzhou 鼻仔
Taipei 鼻仔
Kaohsiung 鼻仔
Tainan 鼻仔
Taichung 鼻仔
Hsinchu 鼻仔
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang 鼻管
Chaozhou
Haikou
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning 鼻子
Wu Shanghai 鼻頭
Suzhou 鼻頭
Hangzhou 鼻頭鼻子
Wenzhou 鼻頭
Chongming 鼻頭
Danyang 鼻頭
Jinhua 鼻頭
Ningbo 鼻頭管
Xiang Changsha 鼻子
Shuangfeng 鼻頭
Loudi 鼻頭
Dialectal synonyms of 鼻涕 (“nasal mucus”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻涕
Mandarin Beijing 鼻挺
Taiwan 鼻涕
Jinan 鼻子
Xi'an
Wuhan 鼻淟鼻子
Chengdu 鼻子
Yangzhou 鼻子鼻涕
Hefei 鼻子
Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻涕鼻水
Hong Kong 鼻涕鼻水
Taishan
Yangjiang 鼻水
Gan Nanchang 鼻涕
Hakka Meixian 鼻水
Xingning
Huidong 鼻水鼻膿
Qujiang 鼻水
Xiaosanjiang 鼻水
Changting 鼻水
Pingyu 鼻水鼻膿
Wuping 鼻膿
Liancheng 鼻水
Ninghua
Ruijin 鼻水
Shicheng 鼻水
Shangyou 鼻膿
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻水鼻膿
Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻水鼻膿
Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻水鼻膿
Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻水鼻膿
Zhuolan (Raoping) 鼻水鼻膿
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 鼻水
Jin Taiyuan 鼻涕
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 鼻水
Min Nan Xiamen 鼻水
Quanzhou 鼻水
Zhangzhou 鼻水
Taipei 鼻水
Kaohsiung 鼻水
Penang 鼻水
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 鼻涕
Wenzhou 鼻涕
Xiang Changsha 鼻頭膿鼻子
Shuangfeng 鼻頭膿鼻頭水
Dialectal synonyms of (“to smell”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nose

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Kanji in this term
はな
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

  1. nose
  2. (elephant or elephant seal) trunk

Etymology[edit]

From pointing to one's nose to refer to oneself.

Pronoun[edit]

(hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

  1. first-person personal male pronoun; I, me

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(bi)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: bi, McCune-Reischauer: pi, Yale: pi)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: ko, McCune-Reischauer: k'o, Yale: kho)
  1. nose

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tị)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.