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See also:
U+9F3B, 鼻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F3B

[U+9F3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F3C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
鼻-order.gif
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

The form of this character differs slightly between China and Japan:

in China: ,
in Japan:

That is, in China the bottom is (strokes T-junction), while in Japan the bottom is (strokes cross).

Han character[edit]

(radical 209, +0, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹山田一中 (HUWML), four-corner 26446, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #209, .

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1530, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2066, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4779, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F3B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𢍂 (second-round simplified)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
鼻-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*piːds, *pids
*pʰiːds, *pʰrids
*pids
*pids
*pʰrids
*pʰrids
*blids
*bids

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *blids): semantic  (nose) + phonetic  (OC *pids). Originally written as (OC *ɦljids), before it was borrowed for the sense of “self”.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *bi (nose); compare Sichuan Yi (hnap bbit, nose; snot).

Alternatively, it may be from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-brit (sneeze; nose; swallow), whence Tibetan སྦྲིད (sbrid, sneeze), but there is no trace of r in Chinese (Schuessler, 2007).

In some modern lects, including Mandarin, Gan, Jin, Wu and Xiang, and even in the literary layer of some Min dialects, the word reflects a form with final *-t. For example, in standard Mandarin, the word is pronounced (implying an old entering tone) instead of (the expected reflex from the departing tone in Middle Chinese). This is due to a phonological phenomenon in the northwest, either an early loss of *-s in the *-ts cluster before regular final cluster simplification occurred (Baxter, 1992), or a dialectal change from *-s to *-t (Pulleybank, 1998).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • bei5 - “nose”;
  • bei5* - “nasal mucus”.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • pī - vernacular (noun);
    • bī - vernacular (“to smell”).
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • pé - vernacular (noun);
    • bê - vernacular (“to smell”);
    • bĭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • phīⁿ/phī/phǐ - vernacular;
    • pi̍t - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pi³⁵/
    Harbin /pi²⁴/
    Tianjin /pi⁴⁵/
    Jinan /pi⁴²/
    Qingdao /pi⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
    Xi'an /pi²⁴/
    Xining /pji²⁴/
    Yinchuan /pi¹³/
    Lanzhou /pi⁵³/
    Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pi²¹³/
    Chengdu /pi³¹/
    Guiyang /pi²¹/
    Kunming /pi³¹/
    Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
    Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /piʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /biɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /biəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /biəʔ²/
    /bɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /bi²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /pʰi²²/
    Tunxi /pʰi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /pʰi⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /pʰiʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /pʰi⁵³/
    Taoyuan /pʰi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pei²²/
    Nanning /pi²²/
    Hong Kong /pei²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi²²/
    /pʰi²²/ ~仔
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɛi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pĩ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fi²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (15)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /biɪH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bjɪH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /biH/
    Li
    Rong
    /biH/
    Wang
    Li
    /biH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjijH › ‹ bjijH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-bi[t]-s/ /*Cə-bi[t]-s/
    English nose smell (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 612
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*blids/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (anatomy) nose
    2. nose-like object; protruding part or the handle of an object
      1. pinhole
      2. (geography) cape
    3. initial; founding; beginning; original
        ―    ―  forefather; initiator
    4. (dialectal) nasal mucus; snot
    5. (Hakka, Min) to smell

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of 鼻子 (“nose”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻子
    Mandarin Beijing 鼻子
    Taiwan 鼻子
    Harbin 鼻子
    Shenyang 鼻子
    Hailar 鼻子
    Ulan Hot 鼻子
    Tongliao 鼻子
    Chifeng 鼻子
    Bayanhot 鼻子
    Jinan 鼻子
    Muping 鼻子
    Luoyang 鼻子
    Jiedian 鼻疙瘩
    Xi'an 鼻子
    Zhengzhou 鼻子
    Xining 鼻子
    Xuzhou 鼻子鼻主 dated
    Yinchuan 鼻子
    Lanzhou 鼻子
    Ürümqi 鼻子
    Wuhan 鼻子
    Chengdu 鼻子
    Guiyang 鼻子
    Guilin 鼻子
    Liuzhou 鼻子
    Kunming 鼻子
    Yangzhou 鼻子
    Nanjing 鼻子
    Hefei 鼻子
    Nantong 鼻子
    Malaysia 鼻子
    Singapore 鼻子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻哥
    Hong Kong 鼻哥
    Shunde 鼻哥
    Foshan 鼻哥
    Zhongshan 鼻哥
    Dongguan 鼻哥
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 鼻公
    Taishan 鼻哥
    Doumen 鼻哥
    Kaiping 鼻哥
    Shaoguan 鼻哥
    Yunfu 鼻哥鼻公
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi 鼻公
    Lianjiang 鼻哥
    Nanning 鼻哥
    Wuzhou 鼻哥
    Yulin 鼻公
    Hepu 鼻頭鼻公
    Kuala Lumpur 鼻哥
    Gan Nanchang 鼻子鼻公
    Lichuan 鼻公
    Pingxiang 鼻子
    Hakka Meixian 鼻公
    Xingning 鼻公
    Huidong 鼻公
    Qujiang 鼻頭
    Xiaosanjiang 鼻公
    Luchuan 鼻公
    Changting 鼻公
    Pingyu 鼻公
    Wuping 鼻公
    Liancheng 鼻公
    Ninghua 鼻公
    Yudu 鼻子鼻公
    Ruijin 鼻公
    Shicheng 鼻公
    Shangyou 鼻公
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻公
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻公
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻空
    Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻公鼻公笐
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 鼻公鼻空鼻窟仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 鼻公
    Sabah 鼻公
    Senai 鼻公
    Singkawang 鼻空
    Huizhou Shexian 鼻頭
    Tunxi 鼻孔
    Jixi 鼻孔
    Jin Taiyuan 鼻子
    Xinzhou 鼻子
    Baochang 鼻子
    Jining 鼻子
    Hohhot 鼻子
    Baotou 鼻子
    Dongsheng 鼻子
    Linhe 鼻子
    Haibowan 鼻子
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Dikou
    Songxi
    Zhenghe
    Zhenqian
    Jianyang
    Wuyishan
    Shibei 鼻頭
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an 鼻公
    Ningde
    Shouning 鼻頭
    Zhouning
    Fuding 鼻頭
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen 鼻仔
    Quanzhou 鼻仔
    Zhangzhou 鼻仔
    Taipei 鼻仔
    Kaohsiung 鼻仔
    Tainan 鼻仔
    Taichung 鼻仔
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu 鼻仔
    Taitung 鼻仔
    Lukang 鼻空
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang 鼻管
    Singapore 鼻空
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng 鼻仔
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian 鼻空
    Xianyou 鼻空
    Pinghua Nanning 鼻子
    Guilin 鼻孔
    Wu Shanghai 鼻頭
    Suzhou 鼻頭
    Wuxi 鼻頭
    Hangzhou 鼻頭鼻子
    Wenzhou 鼻頭
    Chongming 鼻頭
    Danyang 鼻頭
    Jinhua 鼻頭
    Ningbo 鼻頭管
    Xiang Changsha 鼻子
    Shuangfeng 鼻頭
    Loudi 鼻頭
    Quanzhou 鼻子
    Dialectal synonyms of 鼻涕 (“nasal mucus”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻涕
    Mandarin Beijing 鼻挺
    Taiwan 鼻涕
    Harbin 鼻渟膿帶
    Hailar 鼻涕鼻挺
    Chifeng 膿帶
    Bayanhot 鼻子
    Jinan 鼻子鼻涕
    Muping
    Luoyang 鼻子
    Jiedian 鼻子
    Xi'an
    Qingdao 鼻挺鼻清鼻子
    Zhengzhou 鼻子
    Xining 鼻子
    Xuzhou 鼻子
    Yinchuan 鼻子
    Lanzhou 鼻子
    Ürümqi 鼻子
    Wuhan 鼻淟鼻子
    Chengdu 鼻子鼻涕
    Guiyang 鼻子鼻涕
    Guilin 鼻涕
    Liuzhou 鼻涕鼻水
    Kunming 鼻子
    Yangzhou 鼻子鼻涕
    Nanjing 鼻子鼻涕
    Hefei 鼻子
    Nantong 鼻涕黃膿
    Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻涕鼻水
    Hong Kong 鼻涕鼻水
    Shunde 鼻涕
    Foshan 鼻涕
    Zhongshan 鼻水
    Dongguan 鼻膿鼻水
    Hong Kong (Weitou) 鼻膿
    Taishan 鼻水
    Doumen 鼻涕
    Kaiping 鼻水
    Shaoguan 鼻涕鼻水
    Yunfu 鼻水
    Yangjiang 鼻水
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang 鼻涕鼻水
    Nanning 鼻涕
    Wuzhou 鼻涕
    Yulin 鼻涕
    Hepu 鼻涕
    Kuala Lumpur 鼻涕
    Gan Nanchang 鼻涕
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang 鼻韌
    Hakka Meixian 鼻水
    Xingning
    Huidong 鼻水鼻膿
    Qujiang 鼻水
    Xiaosanjiang 鼻水
    Luchuan 鼻水
    Changting 鼻水
    Pingyu 鼻水鼻膿
    Wuping 鼻膿
    Liancheng 鼻水
    Ninghua
    Yudu 鼻水
    Ruijin 鼻水
    Shicheng 鼻水
    Shangyou 鼻膿
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻水鼻膿
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻水鼻膿
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻水鼻膿
    Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻水鼻膿
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 鼻水鼻膿
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 鼻水
    Hong Kong 鼻膿
    Sabah 鼻膿
    Senai 鼻膿
    Singkawang 鼻膿
    Huizhou Jixi 痞鼻
    Jin Taiyuan 鼻涕鼻子
    Xinzhou 沫涕膿帶
    Jining 膿帶
    Hohhot 鼻子膿帶
    Dongsheng 膿帶
    Min Bei Jian'ou 鼻水
    Min Dong Fuzhou 鼻水
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Shouning 鼻頭水
    Zhouning
    Fuding
    Min Nan Xiamen 鼻水
    Quanzhou 鼻水
    Zhangzhou 鼻水
    Taipei 鼻水
    Kaohsiung 鼻水
    Tainan 鼻水鼻蚵
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung 鼻水
    Lukang
    Yilan 鼻蚵
    Magong 鼻水
    Penang 鼻水
    Philippines (Manila) 鼻水
    Pingnan 鼻涕
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou 鼻水
    Leizhou 鼻水
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning 鼻涕
    Guilin 鼻涕
    Wu Shanghai 鼻涕鼻涕水
    Suzhou 鼻涕
    Hangzhou 鼻涕
    Wenzhou 鼻涕鼻涕水
    Chongming 鼻涕
    Danyang 鼻涕
    Jinhua 鼻涕
    Tangxi 鼻頭
    Ningbo 鼻頭鼻頭水
    Xiang Changsha 鼻竇膿鼻子
    Shuangfeng 鼻頭膿鼻頭水
    Loudi 鼻頭
    Quanzhou 鼻涕
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to smell”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. nose

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はな
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

    1. nose
    2. (elephant or elephant seal) trunk

    Etymology[edit]

    From pointing to one's nose to refer to oneself.

    Pronoun[edit]

    (hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

    1. first-person personal male pronoun; I, me

    Derived terms[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (bi)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: bi, McCune–Reischauer: pi, Yale: pi)
      • Name (hangeul): (revised: ko, McCune–Reischauer: k'o, Yale: kho)
    1. nose

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (tị)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.