ꜣbw

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Egyptian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From ꜣb (to tarry, avoid, cease).

Noun[edit]

AbbwD54

 m

  1. cessation (+ m: cessation of (something))
Usage notes[edit]

This word is usually negated. It is almost exclusively used

  • in the negated phrases
    D35
    n
    AbbwD54
    (nn ꜣbw),
    D35wn&n&t AbbwD54
    (nj wnt ꜣbw),
    D35xpr
    r
    AbbwD54
    (nj ḫpr ꜣbw), and in Late Egyptian
    b
    n
    AbbwD54
    (bn ꜣbw), to mean “unceasing, without end”; or
  • as part of
    irAbbwD54
    (jrj ꜣbw, to cease) and its infinitive
    ir
    t
    AbbwD54
    (jrt ꜣbw, cessation), themselves often negated with nn, bn, tm, etc.
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Afro-Asiatic *leb- (compare Tangale labata, Mukulu ʾelbi).[1]

Likely related to ꜣb (fingernail) via the ‘ivory, tusk’ sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

AbbwE26

 m

  1. elephant [Old Kingdom to New Kingdom]
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

Abbwqs

 m

  1. elephant tusk [Since the Middle Kingdom]
  2. ivory [Since the Middle Kingdom]
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Demotic: yb

Proper noun[edit]

AbbWW7
N25

 m./f. topo.

  1. Elephantine (modern Aswan)
Alternative forms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Related to ꜣbt (brand).

Verb[edit]

AbbwQ7

 3-lit.

  1. (transitive) to brand (cattle or slaves) (+ m or + ḥr: to brand with (a seal or name, etc.)) [since New Kingdom literature]
  2. (transitive) to scorch (the skin)
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

AbbWQ7

 m

  1. (Late Egyptian) brand, branding iron
Inflection[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

AbbwN33C
Z2ss

 m

  1. (medicine) a substance used medicinally
Inflection[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faulkner, Raymond (1962) A Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford: Griffith Institute, →ISBN, page 2
  • Erman, Adolf; Grapow, Hermann (1926) Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache, volume 1, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, →ISBN, page 6.9–6.23, 7.15–7.20, 7.22
  • Wilson, Penelope (1991) A Lexicographical Study of the Ptolemaic Texts in the Temple of Edfu, Liverpool: University of Liverpool, page 7–9
  • James P[eter] Allen (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, 2nd edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 339.
  • Erichsen, Wolja (1954) Demotisches Glossar, Copenhagen: Ejnar Munksgaard, page 49
  • Janet H. Johnson, editor (2001) The Demotic Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago[1], volume Y (01.1), Chicago: The University of Chicago, page 7–10
  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir E.; Stolbova, Olga V. (1995), “*leb-”, in Hamito-Semitic Etymological Dictionary: Materials for a Reconstruction (Handbuch der Orientalistik; I.18), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill, § 1662, page 360