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See also: -가

(see here for the particle and verbal suffix)

U+AC00, 가
HANGUL SYLLABLE GA
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:r-k
[unassigned: U+ABFA–U+ABFF]

[U+ABF9]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AC01]
U+320E, ㈎
PARENTHESIZED HANGUL KIYEOK A

[U+320D]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+320F]
U+326E, ㉮
CIRCLED HANGUL KIYEOK A

[U+326D]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+326F]




→ 개

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(g) is the first consonant and (a) is the first vowel in the ordering of Hangul.

Symbol[edit]

(ga)

  1. The first syllable in the standard ordering of Hangul, the Korean alphabet. Often used to mark the first item of a list or sub-list, equivalent to English (A).
Derived terms[edit]
  • 가갸시절 (gagyasijeol, childhood; time when you first learn your letters)(North Korea)
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᇫ〯 (Yale: kǒz).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?

Noun[edit]

(ga)

  1. (especially in compounds) border, edge, end
    Antonyms: (sok), (an)
    강가ganggariverside
    냇가naetgastreamside
    우물가umulgawell side
  2. (with an implied or explicit possessor) around, nearby, beside
    Synonyms: (yeop), 주변(周邊) (jubyeon)
    앉았다.Geu ga-e na-neun anjatda.I sat beside it.
    부처님 만발했다.
    Bucheonim ga-e kkot-deur-i manbal-haetda.
    The flowers were in full bloom around the Buddha.
  3. brim (of a vessel)
    참기름 따를 흘리지 도록 조심해라.
    Chamgireum-eul ttareul ttae ga-e heulliji an-torok josimhaera.
    Be careful not to spill on the brim when pouring sesame oil.
Usage notes[edit]
  • In compounds, it takes the genitive (-s-).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (house, family).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?ka

Noun[edit]

(ga) (hanja )

  1. (formal) family, household
    Synonym: 가족(家族) (gajok)
  2. (chiefly in compounds) dynasty, lineage, household, House
    합스부르크hapseubureukeu-gaHouse of Hapsburg
    재벌jaebeol-gacorporate family

Suffix[edit]

—가 (-ga) (hanja )

  1. -er, -ist
    Synonyms: 자(者) (ja), 수(手) (su)
    건축(建築) (geonchuk, architecture) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎건축가(建築家) (geonchukga, architect)
    전략(戰略) (jeollyak, strategy) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎전략가(戰略家) (jeollyakga, strategist)
    자본(資本) (jabon, capital) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎자본가(資本家) (jabonga, capitalist)
    애묘(愛猫) (aemyo, loving cats) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎애묘가(愛猫家) (aemyoga, cat-lover)

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (possible).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?

Noun[edit]

(ga) (hanja )

  1. (chiefly suffixal) allowed; permitted
    Antonym: 불가(不可) (bulga)
    15 관람sibose gwallam gathose of age 15 permitted to watch
    분할 상환bunhal sanghwan gadivided reimbursement allowed
  2. aye, for (in meetings, etc.)
    Antonym: 부(否) (bu)
    의원 여러분께서 안건 대해 인지 인지 결정해주시기 바랍니다.
    Uiwon yeoreobun-kkeseo-neun bon angeon-e daehae ga-inji bu-inji-reul gyeoljeonghae-jusigi-reul baramnida.
    Members of parliament, please decide whether you are for or against on this agenda.
  3. The lowest score in the five-point grading system in South Korean schools, ultimately abolished in 2012; equivalent to E or F in the Roman alphabet grading scheme.
    Coordinate terms: 수(秀) (su), 우(優) (u), 미(美) (mi), 양(良) (yang)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (price, value).

Suffix[edit]

—가 (-ga) (hanja )

  1. price
  2. (physics, after a numeral) valence
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (street).

Suffix[edit]

—가 (-ga) (hanja )

  1. (in address names) street
    종로3jongno-sam-gaJongno, third street
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (false).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?

Prefix[edit]

가— (ga-) (hanja )

  1. false
  2. temporary
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Sino-Korean word from (to add).

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?ka

Root[edit]

(ga) (hanja )

  1. Root of 가하다 (gahada). Rarely used alone.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

From Middle Korean 가〮 (Yale: ); see the main entry for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?ka

Verb[edit]

(ga)

  1. infinitive of 가다 (gada, to go): see 가다 (gada), (-eo).

Etymology 10[edit]

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable[edit]

(ga)

Extended content
  1. : lie
    (eumhun reading: 거짓 (geojit ga))
    (MC reading: )
  2. : temple
    (eumhun reading: (jeol ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨɑ))
  3. : beautiful
    (eumhun reading: 아름다울 (areumdaul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠɛ))
  4. : lie
    (eumhun reading: 거짓 (geojit ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaX, kˠaH))
  5. : furniture
    (eumhun reading: 가구 (gagu ga))
    (MC reading: )
  6. : price
    (eumhun reading: (gap ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))
  7. : to add
    (eumhun reading: 더할 (deohal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  8. : right;able
    (eumhun reading: 옳을 (oreul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɑX))
  9. : to scold
    (eumhun reading: 꾸짖을 (kkujijeul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC hɑ, hɑH))
  10. : coffee
    (eumhun reading: 커피 (keopi ga))
    (MC reading: )
  11. : a surname
    (eumhun reading: 성씨 (seongssi ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  12. : right, good
    (eumhun reading: 옳을 (oreul ga))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  13. : beautiful, joyous;happy
    (eumhun reading: 아름다울 (areumdaul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  14. : uneven;unlevel
    (eumhun reading: 평탄하지 않을 (pyeongtanhaji aneul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɑX, kʰɑH))
  15. : get married (of women)
    (eumhun reading: 시집갈 (sijipgal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))
  16. : house
    (eumhun reading: (jip ga))
    (MC reading: (MC tʰuət̚))
  17. : house
    (eumhun reading: (jip ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  18. : severe;harsh
    (eumhun reading: 가혹할 (gahokhal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦɑ))
  19. : lotus root, aubergine
    (eumhun reading: 연줄기, 가지 (yeonjulgi, gaji ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨɑ, kˠa))
  20. : reed
    (eumhun reading: 갈대 (galdae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  21. : drinking-cup
    (eumhun reading: 술잔 (suljan ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaX))
  22. : spare time
    (eumhun reading: , 겨를 (teum, gyeoreul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɦˠaH))
  23. : rack
    (eumhun reading: 시렁 (sireong ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))
  24. : knife; flail
    (eumhun reading: (kal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨɑ, kˠa))
  25. : branch
    (eumhun reading: 가지 (gaji ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  26. : catalpa
    (eumhun reading: 개오동나무 (gae'odongnamu ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaX))
  27. : catalpa
    (eumhun reading: 개오동나무 (gae'odongnamu ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaX))
  28. : music; song
    (eumhun reading: 노래 (norae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  29. : agate
    (eumhun reading: 마노 (mano ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɑ))
  30. : hair ornament
    (eumhun reading: 머리꾸미개 (meorikkumigae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  31. : used in transliterating Sanskrit
    (eumhun reading: 부처 이름 (bucheo ireum ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kɨɑ, kˠa))
  32. : scab
    (eumhun reading: 딱지 (ttakji ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  33. : to plant
    (eumhun reading: 심을 (simeul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))
  34. : a reed pipe
    (eumhun reading: 호드기 (hodeugi ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  35. : flail
    (eumhun reading: 도리깨 (dorikkae ga))
    (MC reading: )
  36. : boat;ship
    (eumhun reading: (bae ga))
    (MC reading: (MCX))
  37. : street
    (eumhun reading: 거리 (geori ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠɛ, kˠɛi))
  38. : the robes of fully ordained Buddhist monks and nuns
    (eumhun reading: 가사 (gasa ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  39. : to scold
    (eumhun reading: 꾸짖을 (kkujijeul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  40. : music;song
    (eumhun reading: 노래 (norae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC))
  41. : price, value
    (eumhun reading: (gap ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kuoX, kˠaX, kˠaH))
  42. : to do a lotus position
    (eumhun reading: 책상다리할 (chaeksangdarihal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠa))
  43. : handcart, a surname
    (eumhun reading: 수레, 사람 이름 (sure, saram ireum ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɑ, kʰɑX, kʰɑH))
  44. : yoke
    (eumhun reading: 멍에 (meong'e ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kˠaH))