가슴

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Korean[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 가ᄉᆞᆷ〮 (Yale: kàsóm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠sʰɯm]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gaseum
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gaseum
McCune–Reischauer?kasŭm
Yale Romanization?kasum
  • South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: 슴의 / 슴에 / 슴까지

    Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch only on the first syllable, and lowers the pitch of subsequent suffixes.

Noun[edit]

가슴 (gaseum)

  1. chest, breast
    Synonym: 흉부(胸部) (hyungbu, chest, thorax)
    넓은 가슴neolbeun gaseuma broad chest
    가슴maen gaseuma bare chest
    가슴 품다gaseum-e pumdato embrace [to hold to one's chest]
    울새 가슴 빨갛다.
    Ulsae-neun gaseum-i ppalgata.
    The robin has a red breast.
  2. breasts, bust, bosom
    Synonym: 젖가슴 (jeotgaseum)
    가슴 작다gaseum-i jakdasmall breasts
  3. (informal) boobs, tits
    Synonym: 슴가 (seumga)
  4. heart, mind, core
    그녀 죄책감 가슴 찔렀다.
    Geunyeo-neun joechaekgam-i gaseum-eul jjilleotda.
    She was pierced to the heart with guilt.
  5. (anatomy) heart, lungs
    가슴 고동gaseum-ui godonga heartbeat
  6. mind, feeling, emotion, heart
    Synonym: 마음 (ma'eum)
    놀란 가슴nollan gaseuma shocked feeling
    가슴 뭉클한 이야기gaseum mungkeulhan iyagia touching story

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]