감다

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Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈka̠(ː)mt͈a̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gamda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gamda
McCune–Reischauer?kamta
Yale Romanization?kāmqta

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆷ〮다〮 (Yale: kóm-tá).

This verb is connected to a wide range of ideophones; see more on ᄀᆞᆷᄌᆞᆨ (Yale: komcok).

Verb[edit]

Korean verb set
Base 감다 (gamda)
Causative감기다 (gamgida)
Passive감기다 (gamgida)

감다 (gamda) (infinitive 감아, sequential 감으니)

  1. (transitive) to close one's eyes
    Antonym: 뜨다 (tteuda, to open one's eyes)
    감다nun-eul gamdato close one's eyes
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Sound-symbolic terms related to 감다 (gamda, “to close one's eyes”)
Yang-vowel form
Yin-vowel form
Middle Korean: ᄀᆞᆷᄌᆞᆨ (Yale: komcok)
Middle Korean: 금즉 (Yale: kumcuk)
깜작 (kkamjak)
깜작깜작 (kkamjakkkamjak)
깜짝 (kkamjjak)
깜짝깜짝 (kkamjjakkkamjjak)
끔적 (kkeumjeok)
끔적끔적 (kkeumjeokkkeumjeok)
끔쩍 (kkeumjjeok)
끔쩍끔쩍 (kkeumjjeokkkeumjjeok)
깜박 (kkambak)
깜박깜박 (kkambakkkambak)
깜빡 (kkamppak)
깜빡깜빡 (kkamppakkkamppak)
껌벅 (kkeombeok)
껌벅껌벅 (kkeombeokkkeombeok)
껌뻑 (kkeomppeok)
껌뻑껌뻑 (kkeomppeokkkeomppeok)
끔벅 (kkeumbeok)
끔벅끔벅 (kkeumbeokkkeumbeok)
끔뻑 (kkeumppeok)
끔뻑끔뻑 (kkeumppeokkkeumppeok)
깜찍하다 (kkamjjikhada) 끔찍하다 (kkeumjjikhada)
끔찍끔찍하다 (kkeumjjikkkeumjjikhada)
곰작 (gomjak)
곰작곰작 (gomjakgomjak)
꼼작 (kkomjak)
꼼작꼼작 (kkomjakkkomjak)
꼼짝 (kkomjjak)
꼼짝꼼짝 (kkomjjakkkomjjak)
굼적 (gumjeok)
굼적굼적 (gumjeokgumjeok)
꿈적 (kkumjeok)
꿈적꿈적 (kkumjeokkkumjeok)
꿈쩍 (kkumjjeok)
꿈쩍꿈쩍 (kkumjjeokkkumjjeok)

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᆷ〮다〮 (Yale: kóm-tá).

Verb[edit]

Korean verb set
Base 감다 (gamda)
Causative감기다 (gamgida)

감다 (gamda) (infinitive 감아, sequential 감으니)

  1. (transitive) to wash oneself, to bathe
    머리 감다meori-reul gamdato wash (one's) hair
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

First attested in the Worin cheongangjigok (月印千江之曲 / 월인천강지곡), 1449, as Middle Korean 감〯다〮 (Yale: kǎm-tá).

Verb[edit]

Korean verb set
Base 감다 (gamda)
Causative감기다 (gamgida)
Passive감기다 (gamgida)

감다 (gamda) (infinitive 감아, sequential 감으니)

  1. (transitive) to wind around, to coil
    상처 붕대 감다sangcheo-e bungdae-reul gamdato wrap a bandage around a wound
Conjugation[edit]