공화국

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Sino-Korean word from 共和國, from 共和 (republic) + (country).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈko̞(ː)ŋβwa̠ɡuk̚]
  • Phonetic hangeul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gonghwaguk
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gonghwagug
McCune–Reischauer?konghwaguk
Yale Romanization?kōnghwakwuk

Noun[edit]

공화국 (gonghwaguk) (hanja 共和國)

  1. republic
    남아프리카공화국
    Namapeurikagonghwaguk
    Republic of South Africa
    Synonym: 민국(民國) (min-guk) (dated)

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

공화국 (Gonghwaguk) (hanja 共和國)

  1. (North Korea) Short for 조선민주주의인민공화국 (Joseonminjujuuiinmin-gonghwaguk, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea).